Himalaya: driving characteristics of the roof of the world

himalaya mountain range tibet
himalaya mountain range tibet

Travel Himalayas, where it is, morphology, glaciers, climate effects and mountaineering expeditions to climb to its peaks.

Himalaya Travel Guide

The Himalaya mountain range, also called the Roof of the World, is located in Asia and forms a barrier between the Plateau of Tibet to the north and flood plains of India to the south. In Sanskrit, the word Himalaya has the meaning of Eternal Abode of Snows. The Himalayas includes very high mountains, including Mount Everest, with its 8,850 meters above sea level, is the highest in the world. The southern slope of the Himalayas is characterized by a steep significantly greater than that of the north. The valleys are home to numerous glaciers, of which the most famous are those of Zemu, Gangotri and Kanchenjunga.

The lower glaciers are located at an altitude of around 3,000 meters while above 5000 meters there are the perennial snow. Almost absent are the lakes, among the few present examples are the Manasarowar and Rakas. The Himalaya mountain range, for its height and wide extent, exerts significant effects on the climate, acting as a barrier to the cold winds of the north and humid monsoon blowing from the Indian Ocean.

In the southern slope of the Himalayas, the phenomena of atmospheric precipitation are very high, while in the north side, in contrast, are almost absent. The consequence of the great difference in rainfall, you can clearly observing the vegetation, practically absent on the side of Tibet, on the side of India with quite lush tropical forests and woodlands.

Seen from the south, the Himalayas looks like a giant scythe, with the main axis above the snow line. Most of the mountain range is located below the line of snow. The Himalayan ranges can be grouped into four parallel longitudinal straps with variable width, each with different characteristics for different geological history.

Since ancient times, the great glaciers of the Himalayas Everest have always played the biggest challenge for climbers worldwide who organized periodic shipments. The most characteristic features of the Himalayas are the heights of its peaks, which appear jagged and steep valleys and alpine glaciers grandiose, a topography deeply incised by erosion, river gorges seemingly unfathomable, a diverse flora and fauna and climatic conditions varied.