History summary Egypt: Nile floods, Suez Canal, Aswan
Summary history of Egypt, flooding of the Nile River and reign for millennia, until the opening of the Suez Canal and the construction of the Aswan Dam.
The regularity and richness of the annual flooding of the Nile River in the history of Egypt, together with the semi-natural insulation formed from the deserts to the east and west, allowed the development of one of the greatest civilizations in the world.
A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 BC and ruled for three millennia by a series of dynasties migrants. Persians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines and later the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the seventh century and remained in power until almost the end of the first millennium AD.
A local military caste, the Mamluks subsequently took power from 1250 to 1517 AD until the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks.
Ostensibly to protect its interests, Britain took control of the Egyptian government in 1882, but despite this was maintained loyalty to the Ottoman Empire until 1914. Partially independent in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty after World War II.
After the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important crossroads of transportation in the world but despite this has increased greatly over the years its public debt.
The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River, agriculture and ecology of Egypt.
A great deal of infrastructures has been made for the tourism.