Hvar: holidays, what to visit in the island of Croatia
What to see island Hvar, attractions and places to visit in the beautiful Croatian island, ideal for beach holidays in the region of Dalmatia.
The island of Hvar has a territory along 68 Km. Wide and up 10.5 Km, crossed lengthwise by a chain of calcareous hills that are thrown straight into the sea in the southern part of the island, where the Mount Sveti Nikola of 628 meters above sea level is the highest altitude, while to the north slopes gently into the plain Velo Polje. The territory is covered with Mediterranean vegetation, vineyards and fields of lavender, with a coastline characterized by coasts more straight south and very jagged north.
Hvar island has a long history, from ancient times the privileged position has enabled it to be at the center of the sailing routes in the Adriatic Sea. Already inhabited by the Illyrians, was occupied by the Greeks who founded the city of Pharos, Stari Grad. It was later checked before from Rome and then from Byzantium. From 1420 to 1797 underwent the Venetian domination, at that time became the richest province of Dalmatia. After the fall of Venice, the island came under the sovereignty of the Austrian Empire, then of France and England. From 1918 to 1921 it was occupied by Italian and later the island became part of Yugoslavia. Today is part of the independent Republic of Croatia.
What to see in Hvar
Hvar city is located on the southwest coast of the island and is the most important center of the island. The city’s port, located in a cove protected by Pakleni islands that are in front, was a safe haven for ships plying the Adriatic Sea in antiquity. The city that stretches behind him testifies the glorious past.
Among the places to visit, very beautiful square and St. Stephen’s Cathedral, the theater Kazaliste first public theater in Europe, the Franciscan Monastery, the Spanish fortress, situated high above the city, where you can admire the beautiful panorama of the city and the island view. Stari Grad, the old city, is the second most important town of the island.
In its charming old town are to visit the Church of San Giovanni and the ancient fortified castle. Faced with this town stretches the peninsula Kabal with beautiful coves and hidden beaches. Vrboska, placed at the bottom of a deep inlet, hides an interesting architectural heritage and vegetation intact. Jelsa is a small harbor behind a village compound by ancient Venetian houses.