Iceland holidays practical information travel and tourism

iceland map
iceland map

Iceland travel guide, things to know to organize trips and vacations in the state North Atlantic Ocean with the capital Reykjavik.

Iceland in brief

  • Capital: Reykjavik
  • Surface area in sq km: 102 819
  • Population: 298,000
  • Religion: Protestant
  • Where is Iceland

    Iceland means land of the ice and is also known as the island of fire for its many volcanoes. It is located in the North Atlantic. The framework consists of a plateau that rises up to 2119 meters in the upstream Hyannadalshnukur. Practically the island corresponds to a stretch of ocean ridge on the surface, and has many volcanoes, glaciers and more points appear geysers and hot springs. The coasts are high and engraved by fjords, only in the southern part are low and sandy. There are numerous islands.

    Hydrography

    The Icelandic rivers forming numerous waterfalls in their path, have a constant speed, more abundant in spring. In Iceland flash floods can occur in case of melting ice caused by volcanic eruptions. The river is the river Þjórsá longer and more far-reaching is the river Ölfusá. On the island there are also many lakes.

    Climate Iceland

    Despite Iceland proximity to the Arctic Circle, has in climate tempered by the Gulf Stream with cool summers and relatively mild winters, excluding the part inside and northwest where the climate is much more rigid. The characteristic of the climate in Iceland is the variability, even in the summer in a short time you can check the most diverse climatic conditions.

    Population

    In Iceland the majority of the population is concentrated in the capital Reykjavik, the only real city in the country, and along the coast. Iceland is inhabited only by IX Sec. When some Irish monks came to the island, later settled there some groups of Norwegians who populated it. Iceland has the lowest population density of all Europe.

    Time zone

    GMT (UTC+0)

    Language

    Iceland’s official language is Icelandic.

    Economics Iceland

    Iceland’s economy is mainly based on fishing and fish processing industry. Iceland has a very rich heritage energy (hydropower and geothermal energy) which is exploited only partly for domestic use, greenhouse cultivation and processing of aluminum, ferro-silicon and diatomite, intended mostly for export. In the agriculture sector, are used primarily greenhouses, because farmlands are few, and are also used for grazing cattle. The tourism sector is expanding as the financial services industry, the software industry and biotechnology.

    When you go to Iceland

    Summer is the best time to go Iceland.

    Documents needed

    Identity card or passport.

    Phone

    Calling code: 00354

    Electricity

    Electrical energy in Iceland is 220 volts.

    Currency

    Icelandic króna (ISK)

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