Indonesia holiday guide and useful for travel and tourism

indonesia map
indonesia map

Guide Indonesia with all the things to know for holidays and travel in this vast archipelago of Southeast Asia with capital Jakarta.

Indonesia in brief

  • Capital: Jakarta
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 1948732
  • Population: 231 626 979
  • Religion: Predominantly Muslim (ca. 80%). Minorities of Christians, Buddhists and Hindus.

Where is Indonesia

Indonesia is a vast archipelago that stretches in a vast expanse of sea that goes from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific with a width of 2000 km and a length of 5000 km. The only land borders are north Malaysia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east. The territory includes in addition to the main islands of Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan (most of the island of Borneo), Celebes (or Sulawesi), Irian Jaya (Papua, the western half of New Guinea), numerous smaller islands and archipelagos, between that Timor (the western part), Sumba, Sumbawa, Lombok, Flores, Bali, the archipelago of the Moluccas and other (there are over 13,000 islands). The islands of Sumatra, Java and Sunda Islands are located close to each other and form as a great arc arranged from north-west to south-east. Lengthwise are covered by a volcanic mountain range (the volcanic activity and earthquakes are frequent in this country). Sumatra has a wide flat area in the east. Celebes is mostly mountainous, Kalimantan is mountainous in the center and flat on the coast. The territory of Irian Jaya (the western sector of New Guinea) is mostly mountainous in the north and center, while to the south is flat.

Hydrography

The rivers of Indonesia, abundant water in the rainy season often overflow, flooding vast areas. The rivers (the longest being the island of Sumatra and Borneo), are navigable by small boats, which are used to reach villages and towns not coastal, which are located at the edge of rivers.

Climate

The archipelago of Indonesia, located on the equator, the climate is hot and humid, with high temperatures throughout the year (25-27 ° C) and abundant rainfall. Keep in mind that in general, at night, the climate is more temperate than the day and on the mountains the temperature drops. Rainfall is affected by monsoons that determine alternating between a dry season (June-October) and a rainy season (November to May), with rainfall more pronounced in the months of January and February.

Population

In Indonesia live different ethnic groups. The largest group is represented by the Malaysian strain descended from peoples who migrated in several waves, from China and Indochina. Another large group is to Melanesian, allocated in eastern Indonesia. Other groups are present: Javanese, Balinese and Chinese; many isolated tribes living within the country. The population is concentrated mainly in Java and in large cities.

Time zone

In Indonesia there are three time zones: In Sumatra, Java, West and Central Kalimantan UTC/GMT +7 hours. Nusa Tenggara, East Kalimantan and South Asia, Bali, Lombok and Sulawesi, UTC/GMT +8 hours. Maluku and Irian Jaya, UTC/GMT +9 hours.

Language

Bahasa Indonesia is the official language of Indonesia.

Economy

Indonesia, a developing country, has an economy supported by the wealth of natural resources, represented by oil, natural gas and mineral resources such as tin, copper and gold. Agriculture, which occupies most of the population (including livestock, fishing and silivicoltura) provides with large tropical plantations, products for export and is a source of survival for the rural population. The main products are: rice, tea, coffee, spices and rubber. To overcome the dependence on raw materials, in recent years has been given impetus to the manufacturing sector. The industries are present with chemical plants, refineries and mechanical. Tourism is a very important sector for the economy, especially in the islands of Java and Bali, destinations of international tourism.

When you go to Indonesia

The best time to visit Indonesia is during the dry season, in the months from June to September. In some areas, during the rainy season, it is a problem traveling.

Travel Documents

Passport must be valid for at least six months from date of entry into Indonesia.
Certain nationalities need to obtain a visa to visit Indonesia.

Phone

Calling Code: 0062

Electricity

Supply electricity is 220 V, 50 Hz.

Currency

The Indonesian rupiah is the official currency of Indonesia.

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