Ischia, holidays and what to visit in the island
What to visit the island of Ischia volcanic hot springs with ancient and so much story to tell in a beautiful natural landscape.
The island of Ischia is located in the Tyrrhenian Sea, in the northern part of the Gulf of Naples, near the islands of Procida and Vivara. The island from the geological point of view e’di volcanic origin and reaches its maximum altitude in the central part with Mount Epomeo m. 787 slmIl Epomeo, consisting of tufa rock, the famous green tuff of Ischia, not a volcano, but its formation is due to the lifting of the earth’s crust took place during one of the many activities and remote ‘volcanic.
The volcanic nature of Ischia is manifested by intense activity ‘hydrothermal exploited since antiquity’ for therapeutic purposes, and appreciated even today by many tourists visiting the island. Ischia was inhabited since Neolithic times, as evidenced by various artifacts found in some areas of the island.
The first visitors were the Phoenicians; Greeks founded their first colony there and introduced the working of the clay feeding a flourishing trade with the peoples of the Mediterranean coast, then Ischia step ‘under the dominion of Naples and was later conquered by the Romans. The Emperor Augustus restitui ‘in Naples in exchange for Capri, Ischia and become’ resort for the Romans.
At the end of the fourth century, with the collapse of the Roman Empire followed the barbarian invasions; was dominated by the Byzantines. In the ninth century. began the invasion of the Saracens. In the twelfth century, the island was occupied by the Normans, followed Swabians, Angevins. From the fifteenth to the eighteenth century were the Aragonese to dominate the island, until the Kingdom of Naples, the arrival of the Bourbons and finally in the nineteenth century the Unification of Italy.
What to visit the island of Ischia
– The Aragonese Castle, whose history tells the story of Ischia, is a fortress situated on a rocky islet connected by a stone bridge ancient seaside village, Ischia Ponte or suburb of Celsa. The first building, non-existent today, was built in 474 BC, the current structure dates back to 1441. The castle, built by Alfonso of Aragon, included various types of accommodation and served as a shelter during pirate raids.
In the sixteenth century, a period of great splendor, housed several families, the abbey of Basilian monks of Greece, the convent of Poor Clares, the Bishop with the Chapter and the seminary, the prince with the garrison and thirteen churches. In 1700 it was abandoned in 1809 and was almost destroyed by the British. In 1851 at the time of the Bourbons became a political prison, until 1860 when it was annexed to the Kingdom of Ischia Italy. Subsequently it was privatized.
– A Lacco Ameno, an ancient and elegant seaside resort and spa, famous for its characteristic tufa rock from the mushroom shape, symbol of the city ‘, is worth visiting the Church of Santa Restituta, the Museum of Santa Restituta and the Museum Villa shrub.
– The Church of Santa Restituta, patron of the island, over the centuries has undergone several reconstructions. The first early Christian basilica was built between the fourth and fifth centuries AD, in an area where there was a Roman cistern. The current structure dates back to 1500 and the neoclassical facade is of 1910.
– The Museum of Santa Restituta, collects archaeological finds of various periods and bears witness to the life and culture of Ischia from the Greeks to the early Christians.
– The Villa Arbusto, situated on a hill in a panoramic position, is a museum that houses interesting archaeological finds.
– Near the center of Lacco Ameno, in the Bay of San Montano, is a beautiful beach where the descent into the water is gradual, you tap with your feet up to ca. 40 m. from the shoreline. On this beach, from the shores of Africa, landed the body of Santa Restituta, whose feast is celebrated on 17 May each year. In the Bay of San Montano is also one of the main thermal parks of the island.
– The village of Forio, whose symbols are the Church Aid, located in a prime position overlooking the sea, and the Tower. On the promontory of Zaro, overlooking Forio, are the villa-castle The Dovecote, the historic summer residence of Luchino Visconti. Today the villa and ‘public property and welcomes the Foundation and the museum dedicated to the director, in addition to the International School of Film and Theatre.
Villa La Mortella, where he lived William Walton, one of the most ‘great composers contemporary English. The villa, study center for young talented musicians, has a magnificent garden, open to the public along with the house-museum. In addition to the cultural aspect, Forio offers an interesting and very particular nature, such as the Bay of Sorgeto, where the thermal water flows from bagnoasciuga, and Citara Bay, where there is the large natural park Giardini Poseidon, with many pools that exploit the thermal springs on the beach.
– From the port of the village of Sant’Angelo there ‘a chance’ to do boat tours that allow you to admire the beautiful coastal landscape. To expand in an extraordinary panorama and ‘very interesting excursion to Mount Epomeo.