Israel: travel tips, what to know before departure

israel map
israel map

Israel travel guide, tourist information practices to visit this state of the Middle-East Asia.

Israel in brief

  • Capital: Jerusalem
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 20,770 sq km (27,799 sq km including the occupied territories)
  • Population: 7,169,556
  • Religion: 80.5% Jews, 14.6% Muslims, 3.2% Christians, 1.7% Druze.

Where is Israel

The state of Israel is in the Middle-East Asia, bordered to the north by Lebanon, northeast with Syria, to the east with Jordan, southwest with Egypt and west overlooking the Mediterranean Sea.
The southern tip of Israle overlooking the Gulf of Aqaba, an inlet of the Red Sea. The land of Israel is formed by a fertile coastal plain that stretches along the Mediterranean Sea. This region is characterized by a high density of population, in fact, here are the major Israeli cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa. Inside one another from north to south a series of reliefs corresponding to the highlands of Galilee, Samaria and Judea. To the east is a deep furrow (Ghor) path from the Jordan River, partly occupied by the Dead Sea, in the deepest depression of the earth, 413 meters below sea level. The southern part of the country is occupied by the Negev desert.

Hydrography

The main river is the Jordan River which originates from Mount Hermon on the Lebanese-Syrian border and cross over to Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Palestine before flowing into the Dead Sea. In addition to the Jordan brought relatively constant Yarqon the river which flows into the Mediterranean Sea north of Tel Aviv. Lake Tiberias is almost entirely included in Israeli territory.

Climate

In Israel the climatic conditions vary from region to region. In summer the weather is warm and dry throughout the country, with mild temperatures on the coast and the highest in the interior. Cool winters and rainy coast become cold on the heights. To the south, in the Negev, rainfall is very scarce and the climate is semi-desert.

Population

The population consists mostly of Jews (80%) and an Arab minority (20%).

Time Zone

UTC/GMT +2 hours

Language

Hebrew and Arabic are the official languages of the State of Israel.

Economy

Israel has a highly developed economy despite the complicated political and social situation and the difficult natural conditions. The country can rely on a highly skilled labor and abundant capital. The main economic sector is high technology linked to the fields of medical electronics, information technology, technology agro and communications. There are also important areas of chemical, pharmaceutical, military industry, metallurgical industry and tourism. Agriculture is practiced at the highest level using artificial irrigation systems and using culture techniques very advanced. The main crops are citrus fruits, cereals, vines, olive trees, fruit, cotton, tobacco and sugar beets, enough to cover most of the food needs of the population. Significant industry diamond processing which constitutes 40% of the world market.

When you go to Israel

The best months to visit Israel are the spring (April and May) and the autumn (September and October).

Travel Documents

To enter Israel is required a passport valid for a minimum of six months from the date of entry.
To certain nationalities Visas are not required for stays of up to 90 days.

Phone

Calling Code: 00972

Electricity

Supply electricity is 230V 50Hz.

Currency

The New Israeli Shekel (NIS) is the official currency of the State of Israel.

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