Istanbul: what to see, visit the ancient Constantinople in 3 days

hagia sophia istanbul
hagia sophia istanbul

What to see in Istanbul, visit the ancient Constantinople, the main monuments and mosques of this city of Turkey.

Travel Guide Istanbul

Hagia Sophia is the largest monument in Istanbul, where in the past the patriarchs resided before becoming a mosque and then a museum, after its desecration by the first president wanted turkish and founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, in 1935. The construction ended in 537 and is a church very large with a huge domed Byzantine second only to the grandeur of the cathedral of Seville.

The Zeyrek Mosque is a mosque in Istanbul, the first Church of Christ Pantocrator, formed by two churches and a chapel, which is an excellent example of Byzantine architecture in Constantinople located in the district named after it. Church of St. Polyeuctus is also a Byzantine church dating from the sixth century, discovered in the sixties, has been incorporated in a building located near the Aqueduct of Valens.

Although the plan of the church is square, the internal design suggests a reference to the classic rectangular basilica with three naves, suggesting that they had originally a domed cover. Among the findings, stood out with an inscription affixed date between 520 and 524, which allowed to identify its founder, the patrician Anicia Juliana, who was a prominent member of the Imperial Roman houses of the West and East.

They are part of the decoration of the church numerous panels, originally crafted by the shops that were operating in the city, and two pillars finely crafted oriental style.

What to visit in Istanbul in 3 days

In Fethiye Camii mosque, now a museum, which was once the church of the Theotokos Pammakaristos (Blessed Mother of God), are preserved several Byzantine mosaics. Little Hagia Sophia, which was formerly the Church of Saints Sergius and Bacchus, was converted into a mosque during the Ottoman Empire.

Another fine example of Byzantine architecture is the church of St. Saviour in Chora, also became a mosque and then a museum, with the interior decorated with frescoes and Byzantine mosaics. The Sultanahmet Mosque is one of the main mosques of Istanbul while the Italian synagogue, was created in 1800 and later rebuilt in 1931.

Topkapi is the name of a port belonging to the sultan’s palace (called the Seraglio) of Constantinople, which was enlarged between 1455 and 1458 with the union of the ancient Byzantine imperial palace. This palace, inserted between what to see in Istanbul, which was once surrounded by a wall with access through various doors guarded by special armed guards, is now a museum containing beautiful works of art that are part of the treasure of the sultan.