Japan: travel guide, tourist information holidays

japan map
japan map

Guide to go to Japan with useful information for the journey on the territory and climate, the best times for a holiday, and how to get the necessary documents.

Japan in brief

  • Capital: Tokyo
  • Surface area in sq km: 372 839
  • Population: 127 966 710
  • Religion: Shinto and Buddhism

Where is Japan

Japan is an island nation in East Asia, is located in the Pacific Ocean north west, off the coast of Russia and Korea, which separates it from the Sea of ​​Japan. Japan consists of four major islands: Hokkaido, Honshu (occupies two thirds of the country’s area) Shikoku and Kyushu, as well as numerous smaller islands, including the island of Sado, the island of Awaji, the islands and the Amakusa Archipelago Ryu Kyu. Japan borders the Sea of ​​Okhotsk in the north, the Sea of ​​Japan to the west, the East China Sea to the south west and the Pacific Ocean to the south and east. The territory of Japan is mostly mountainous and most of its reliefs are of volcanic origin. The plains are scarce and alluvial character. The most famous volcano is Fuji (3776) located on the island of Hounshu. The massive sinkhole phenomena and fracture of the earth’s crust that have characterized the geological formation of these islands, explain the frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions that occur in this country.


Given the narrow and elongated shape of the Japanese islands, with the mountains close to the sea, the rivers are short and torrential regime. The longest river is the Shinanu island of Honshu. Island of Hokkaido’s most important river is the Ishikari, while the Yoshino River is the largest island of Shikoku. Among the biggest lakes is the Biwa. To the volcanic nature of the territory there are several hot springs.


Japan has a very varied climate. The northern part of the country, Hokkaido and Honshu, in winter is subject to the influence of cold drafts of Siberian origin, which absorbs moisture on the Sea of ​​Japan abbondati cause precipitation, also in character on snowy hills of western Honshu, while for orographic factors, on the east coast, winter rainfall is scarce. In the central southern part of Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu in the islands of the winter temperature is not rigid, and is mild on the island of Okinawa. In late spring occur, particularly in the southwestern Japan, precipitation due to the clash of current wet and cold, with masses of tropical air. Summer is hot and humid throughout the country; with September coming typhoons causing heavy rainfall on the southern coast of the archipelago.


The population is Japanese and is mainly concentrated in the cities.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +9 hours


The official language is Japanese.


Until the second half of the nineteenth century Japan was a country of peasants and feudal lords, but in a few decades came out from isolation and became an industrial power and military; despite the collapse immediately after the Second World War, saw significant economic growth in the decades after the war (especially 1970/80), until the economic crisis of the late 90′, which today seems to be outdated due to a rearrangement of the system plan productive. Japan despite being poor in raw materials (except for fishing), has highly developed industry and exports high quality products from the electronics industry, automobile, motorcycle, shipbuilding. The service sector (banking, insurance etc.) is developed and also the fishing industry. Regarding agriculture farmland is poor and exploited intensively, rice is the main crop.

When you go to Japan

The best times to visit Japan are spring (April / May) and autumn (October / November).

Travel Documents

To enter Japan is required a passport valid and return ticket.
Nationals of many countries are eligible to enter Japan without a visa unless the purpose of the visit is to reside in Japan, to obtain employment or to otherwise engage in remunerative activities.


Code Calling: 0081


The supply electricity is 100 volts 50 Hz, in the east (Tokyo, Kawasaki, Sapporo, Sendai and Yokohoma) and 60 Hz in the west of the country (Osaka, Kyoto, Nagoya and Hiroshima).


Yen is the official Japanese currency.