Jordan: travel information, things to know

jordan map
jordan map

Travel guide with all the things to know to holiday in Jordan, information on land and climate, time zone, economy, the best times to go, and how to get required documents.

Jordan in brief

  • Capital: Amman
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 92,300
  • Population: 6,316,432
  • Religion: Sunni Muslim majority (about 92%), Christian minority (about 6%)

Where is Jordan

Jordan and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a state in Western Europe. It is bordered to the north by Syria, to the north-east with Iraq, south-east and south by Saudi Arabia, on the west by Israel and the Palestinian Territories, south-west overlooking the Red Sea. The territory corresponds to a vast and arid plateau, the continuity of which is bounded on the western edge of the depression of the Jordan River, the Dead Sea and the Valley dell’Uadi Araba. The plateau is characterized by ridges or isolated peaks whose altitude is around 1,000 meters above sea level The higher the western edge, where the plank falls on the valleys of the Jordan, and of the Arab.

Hydrography

Divided between Israel and Jordan is the Dead Sea, in the deepest depression of the earth (413 meters below sea level). In this closed sea and the water very salty, mouth of the Jordan River, a waterway very important for Jordan, considering the scarcity of surface water. The main tributaries of the river receives in Jordanian territory are the Yarmuk and Zarqa.

Climate

The climate of the western part of the country is characterized by warm, dry summers and mild winters and relatively humid. In January and February can occur until the temperature drops below freezing and can even snow. As for the Jordan Valley and the Dead Sea summer temperatures are very high, and there is a real winter. Proceeding south and southeast the climate becomes desert-like terrain with low rainfall and hot summers, and in winter the cold winds blow from Asia. In the desert regions there is a great temperature difference between day and night.

Population

The population of Jordan is 99% of Arab origin. There are also small minorities of Circassians, Armenians, Turks and Kurds. Beginning in 1948, the complex Vicende policies have caused the massive influx of Palestinian refugees from the West Bank, who have settled in urban areas north-west of the country, previously inhabited by the majority of the population, has now created a overpopulation in urban areas of large cities, while in the rest of the country we live only a few tribes of Bedouins.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +2 hours

Language

Arabic is the official language of Jordan.

Economy

Jordan is poor in natural resources and has a rather complex economic situation. In the country there is little water, a little oil and suffers the consequences resulting from the loss of fertile land in the West Bank and then inserting a considerable flow of immigrants coming from those territories, in a country already scarce resources.
Agriculture can only count on 5% of arable land and has character-only livelihood, while farming is very popular and is an important resource for pastors-nomads and farmers. The industry is based on small factories run semi-craftsmanship involved in the processing of local agricultural products and in the processing of wool. There are also some cement plant, an oil refinery, and a chemical complex for the production of fertilizers. Significant are the mineral resources, especially phosphate deposits, which are the main resource of the country, along with tourism.

When to go to Jordan

The best times to visit Jordan are spring and autumn.

Travel documents

Passport valid for a minimum period of 6 months from the date of entry into Jordan.
Also you need an entry visa.

Phone

Calling Code: 00962

Electricity

Supply electricity is 220 V 50 Hz.

Currency

The Jordanian Dinar is the currency of Jordan.

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