Kenya: useful travel and vacation, things to know

kenya map
kenya map

Thinks to Know to go to Kenya, when to go, documents.

Kenya travel guide

  • Capital: Nairobi
  • Surface area in sq km: 582 646
  • Population: 37,537,715
  • Religion: Animist, Catholic, Protestant, indigenous beliefs and rituals, Muslims.

Where is Kenya

Kenya is a country of east africa and bordered to the north by Ethiopia and Sudan, to the west by Uganda, on the south by Tanzania, northeast Somalia and east the Indian Ocean. The coastline of over 400 km. low and fertile rises proceeding towards the interior of the country, where the land is for the most part by plateaus interrupted by isolated mountain ranges and was sinking, some of which are occupied by lakes, such as Lake Turkana, whose basin is formed by the fracture of the Rift Valley, the sides of which rise volcanic massifs, including Mount Kenya, with its 5199 meters above sea level, is one of the highest mountains in Africa. The plateau slopes to the north, home to a vast desert plateau and west to Lake Victoria.

Hydrography

The main rivers of Kenya are the Tana and Galana.
They flow in the Indian Ocean and they have a regime that varies depending on the rainfall. The largest lake in the country is the Turkana. Only a small portion of Lake Victoria belongs to Kenya.

Climate

Kenya has crossed the equator that influence the climatic characteristics along with other factors, such as altitude and proximity to the ocean. The climate is very hot and humid in coastal regions and more mild and dry in the interior regions, it depends on altitude, while to the north the weather is warm but with low rainfall. Rainfall is concentrated in two periods of the year, between March and May, the rainy season, from October to December rains small, short but intense. The different climatic conditions allow the presence of various types of vegetation and animals including elephants, rhinos, zebras, giraffes and lions, mostly in the savannas.

Population

The population of Kenya are: the Bantu and Nilo Hamitic. These two groups consists of many tribes; the largest and most politically powerful is the Kikuyu tribe. Also there are minorities of Arabs, Indo-Pakistanis and Europeans.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +3 hours

Language

English and Kiswahili are the official languages ​​of Kenya.

Economy

The economic situation in Kenya is difficult, it needs of international economic. The country has a population growth among the highest in the world. Given the scarcity of mineral resources and fuels, agriculture is the main business and tourism due to the natural parks, where nature is strictly preserved, is a very important element for the country’s economy. The majority of fertile land is owned by foreign multinationals, which produce coffee, tea and fruits for export, while the peasants are dedicated to subsistence farming. The industry is present in the cities of Nairobi and Mombasa in areas that do not require the use of high technology.

When you go to Kenya

To visit Kenya periods are preferable from mid-December to mid-March or July to October (the high season months are January/February). On the coast the months April and May are to be avoided for the rains.

Travel Documents

– Valid passport for at least six months at the date of entry to Kenya and
two blank passport pages.
– Visa

Phone

Calling Code: 00254

Electricity

Supply electricity is 240V 50 Hz.

Currency

The Kenyan Shilling (KSh) is the official currency of Kenya.

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