Korcula: holiday island in Croatia in Dalmatia, what to see
Holidays in Korcula, what to see and how to get there, description of the territory, trend coastal beaches and bays.
Tourist guide Korcula
Korcula is an island in Croatia located in the south-central Dalmatia. It stretches from east to west, not far from the mainland, the narrow channel of Peljesac / Sabbioncello divides the peninsula of the same name. The island is bordered to the north by the channel that separates it from the island of Korcula Hvar (Hvar), south of the channel from the island of Lastovo that same name, on the east by the Adriatic Sea.
The island of Korcula is part together with the islands Hvar, Vis and Lastovo archipelago of Curzolane, from which it takes its name. The island is covered with Mediterranean vegetation, vineyards, olive groves and meadows that make the varied landscape. Its coasts are developed in a series of bays, shallow and sheltered on the northern side, and sometimes steep and exposed on the southern side.
The largest and most protected bay is located in the western part of the island, where the port town of Vela Luka, surrounded by hills covered with olive groves. The first inhabitants of the island were Illyrians, an ancient people who lived in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula; were made findings that testify to their existence on the island before the arrival of the Greeks, who called each island Korkyra Melaina (Black Corfu).
Later, Korcula, from the Greek colony became part of the Roman province of Dalmatia, to the migration of Slavic peoples in the seventh century. In the ninth century the island was populated by Croats and the XI century suffered ‘domination of the Venetian Republic, which left the beautiful architectural and cultural fruit of the encounter between East and West.
From 1102 to 1402 the Venetian rule was opposed by Hungary which boasted of the rights on these lands, in fact Korcula was for a period under his rule, then became part of the Dubrovnik Republic, until 1420 when return ‘under the Venetians. In 1797 after the fall of Venice, Korcula suffered the domination Austrian, French and English.
After the end of World War I it became part of Yugoslavia, and since 1991 the Republic of Croatia. The main town of the island is the eponymous Korcula. Other locations are: Lumbarda, Zrnovo, Racisce, Pupnat, Cara, Smokvica, Blato, Vela Luka, the little island of Virnik.
What to see in Korcula
– Korcula is located in front of the Peljesac peninsula, in the north-east of the island. Its historic center, characterized by the Venetian Renaissance style, is surrounded by the remains of ancient walls. Its topography is a “fishbone”, with the alleys and streets arranged in a fan, to protect from the sun and wind. This ingenious arrangement was very helpful in the past to reach quickly, in case of need, the defensive positions on the towers of the walls. At the highest point of the town is the cathedral square which is surrounded by some beautiful buildings in white stone and the magnificent Cathedral of San Marco, Gothic Renaissance.
– Virnik is a small island easily accessible from the port of Korcula, by taxi-boats. And ‘famous for stone quarries dating back to Roman times, also offers beautiful places where the sea is clear and blue.
– Lumbarda is about 6 Km. From the town of Korcula. It ‘a very popular tourist resort, stretches around a bay in the south-east of the island, surrounded by vineyards and beautiful coves. The city’s beaches are small and sandy. The first inhabitants of this area were the Greeks, followed by the Romans. In the sixteenth century some nobles of the city of Korcula,
in search of tranquility, had built their summer homes. In fact there are many villas and mansions in Renaissance and Gothic. The local product is the best known wine made from grapes of Grk.
– Zrnovo is one of the oldest settlements on the island of Korcula. There are many small churches and old houses. In the area of Brdo (hill) and then continuing Kocje is reached, a very interesting area to walk between the high rocks.
– Racisce is a small town founded in the seventeenth century by refugees from Herzegovina and the Makarska Riviera, fleeing from the Turks.
And ‘surrounded by beautiful beaches and coves.
– Pupnat is a village located along the main road, in the hilly part of the island.
– Cara is an ancient wine making village, is located 25 km from Korcula, on the main road that crosses the island.
Located on the southern slope of a hill, at whose base lies a fertile plain cultivated with vineyards, from which we get
a special wine, the famous Posip.
– Smokvica is a place that is located about 30 km from Korcula. Located on the southern slope of a hill
on the edge of extensive vineyards from which we get the aforementioned wine Posip.
The history of Smokvica dates back to the fifteenth and sixteenth century, when the Slavic peoples of the mainland came here to defend himself from the attacks of the Turks.
– Blato is a town located in the interior of the island, you arrive on the main road Korcula-Vela Luka. It’s the economic center of the island, extends like an amphitheater on several hills around a small valley. The city is known for a famous sword dance, the Kumpanija.
– Vela Luka is located on the west coast of the island, in a sheltered cove, where the harbor. It’s surrounded by hills covered with vineyards and olive groves. Along the beautiful rugged coastline successive bays and numerous islets. Very interesting destinations are the islands of Ošjak and Proizd. Vela Luka is the ideal place for those who love water sports. In the area surrounding the bay Kale, are sediments of marine mud and a thermal spring. Here is the healing center of Kalos.
How to get to the island of Korcula
To reach the island of Korcula you can take the ferry from Split or from Orebic (Peljesac peninsula). A ferry line connects Korcula express service with the cities of the Dalmatian Coast Dubrovnik (Ragusa), Split (Split), with the eponymous capital of the island of Hvar (Hvar) and also with Rijeka (Fiume) making service a few days a week. A daily ferry connects the port of Vela Luka to Split / Split and Lastovo / Lagosta. There are bus lines that connect to each other all the various locations of the island.