Latvia holidays guide, travel and tourism information

latvia map
latvia map

Latvia: tour guide, things to know for travel and holiday in the state of North-Eastern with capital Riga.

Latvia in brief

  • Capital: Riga
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 64 589
  • Population: 2,249,362
  • Religion: The majority of the Latvian people are atheist. Believers are the minority and mostly profess the Lutheran religion, followed by the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Jewish, evangelical Baptist and others.

Where is Latvia

Latvia, a parliamentary republic and EU member state, is located in north-eastern. It is bordered to the north by Estonia, to the east by Russia, to the south-east with Belarus and south by Lithuania, to the west is washed by the Baltic Sea. His land is flat, and wavy, hilly in the west and north east of the country, where rising small mountains that do not exceed 300 meters high above sea level, the highest point in the country is Mount Gaizina Kalns (311 meters above sea level ) and is located in the region of Vidzeme. A part of the territory lies below sea level and almost half is covered by forests.

Hydrography Latvia

The main river of Latvia is the Western Dvina (Daugava), which flows into the Baltic Sea as the other rivers flowing on Latvian territory, among them the Gauja, Lielupe and Venta. Among the many lakes in the country as estesto is Lake Lubanas, followed by the lake Razna. The deeper the lake Dridzis while Ezezers lake is famous for its many bays and islets.

Climate Latvia

Latvia’s climate is temperate cold, with cold winters and frequent snowfall. In summer the weather is mild, sometimes rainy, but there are sunny days with high temperatures.

Population Latvia

The population consists mainly of Latvians, followed by Russians, Belarusians, Ukrainians, Poles and Lithuanians. The Latvian people descended from the tribes of Latgalians, the Livonians, the Seli, of Semgalli and Curi (strain Balto Slavic), who inhabited these lands in antiquity.

Time zone Latvia

EET (UTC+2) – Summer (DST) – EEST (UTC+3)

Language Latvia

Latvian is the official language of the Republic of Latvia.

Economy Latvia

In the formation of the Latvian GDP the tertiary sector (trade, transport, communications and financial assets) predominates over production. The most exported products are timber, textiles, food and mechanical engineering and electronics. Imports most conspicuous mainly concern, raw materials, chemicals and machinery. Tourism is expanding.

When to go Latvia

Summer is the best time to visit Latvia.

Documents required travel Latvia

Identity card or passport valid.


Calling code is 00371.

Electricity Latvia

The electric current in Latvia is 220 V 50 Hz.


Euro is the official currency of Latvia.