Lecce: what to see, itinerary to visit the town of Salento
What to see in Lecce, itinerary to visit on foot in one day this town of Salento, in the southern part of Puglia called the heel of Italy.
Travel Guide Lecce
The old part of Lecce is enhanced by beautiful architecture and sculptures in baroque style, built with local stone, known precisely as the stone, which has the distinction of being easily shaped at the time of processing and to buy compact with the passage of time taking warm shades of amber color. City of Salento, Lecce is 11 km from the Adriatic Sea and 27 km from the Ionian Sea.
The ancient city of Lecce originates from a Roman settlement called Lupiae, which arose in the third century BC, near a center messapico that for the emergence of this new city lost importance. Lecce for five centuries was part of the Roman Empire, after a thousand was dominated by the Normans, Swabians and Angevins, up to four hundred when it became an important center of the Aragonese.
In the sixteenth century the Spaniards arrived, and with Charles V were rebuilt the walls and the Castle, as a defense by the applicants Turkish incursions. The plant of the old town of Lecce dates from this period, which also saw the start of construction of the Basilica of Santa Croce, the Church of St. Irene Teatini and the Palace of the Seat or seat. In the seventeenth century the city changed its appearance with the creation of beautiful works in Lecce Baroque style. Transformations were performed to Cathedral Square and its buildings, and new buildings including the government building, the former Convent of the Celestini, the Churches of St. Matthew and St. Clare.
Itinerary for visiting Lecce in a day
– S.Oronzo, which is the city center, has at its center the Roman column topped by the statue of St. Horace, patron of Lecce after the terrible plague that struck the Kingdom of Naples in 1656. On the square you can admire about a third of the Roman Amphitheatre, while the remainder is still hidden in the basement of the square occupied several buildings, including the church of Santa Maria della Grazia of the Baroque era, located in front of the Amphitheatre, the palace of the seat, known as the seat, standing next to the former church of San Marco built in 1543 at the behest of the Venetian residents in Lecce.
– Piazza Duomo is one of the rare examples of enclosed square. A propylaeum crowned balustrade with statues, is the entrance to a harmonious and spectacular arrangement of fascinating Baroque buildings including the Cathedral, built between 1659 and 1670 on a church of the twelfth century, the Seminary and the Episcopal Palace rebuilt between sixteenth century and the seventeenth century on an original building dating back to the fifteenth century.
– Basilica of Santa Croce, built in 1549 and completed in 1695, together to the Government Palace, the former Celestine Convent, is defined as the highest manifestation of Baroque art.
– Church of Saints Niccolò and Cataldo, located just outside the center of Lecce, was founded in 1180 by Tancred. The façade is in Romanesque and Baroque elements placed after the building renovations.