Lithuania: travel tips, tour guide things to know
Lithuania travel guide, things to know to organize your holidays in this state of north-eastern capital Vilnius.
Tourist information Lithuania
- Capital: Vilnius
- Surface area in square kilometers: 65,200
- Population: 3.2696 million
- Religion: Catholic majority (ca. 80%), Orthodox minority and to a lesser extent Protestant.
Where is Lithuania
Republic of Lithuania is an EU member state, is located in north-east, at the geographical center of the European continent, (the exact center is located north of Vilnius, near the village of Purnuškiai). It borders with Latvia to the north, east with Belarus, Poland to the south and south-west with the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad to the west is washed by the Baltic Sea. Its territory, mostly flat, has some low hills, and is characterized by numerous rivers and many lakes. Extensive forests occupy about a third of the territory, in proportion, to a lesser extent compared to Estonia, as the soil is also occupied by agricultural activities. The highest point is the hill Juozapine (294 meters above sea level), located in the peripheral part of the plateau moraine Lithuanian-Belarusian, on the eastern borders of the country. The average height of the Lithuanian territory is 100 meters above sea level The coast is formed by long sandy beaches, rich dunes. The progressive accumulation of sandy sediments formed the Curonian Spit and the Curonian Spit (UNESCO UNESCO), which separates the coast and the Courland Lagoon (Kuršiu Marios), from the Baltic Sea.
Lithuania will run many rivers, most of them from the short course. The Nemunas (937 km) is the main river, flows for 359 km in Lithuania and a part of its course forms the border between Lithuania and the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad Oblast, before flowing into the Curonian Lagoon (Kuršiu Marios ), in the Baltic Sea. Among the many lakes, ponds and marshes of Lithuania, the lake Druksiai is the largest and is located in the richest region of lakes, the plateau east dell’Aukstaitija.
Continental climate of Lithuania is characterized by cold winters (especially inland), with average temperature of -5 ° C in January, and cool summers, with the average temperature in July of 17 ° C. The climate is humid, even though the average annual rainfall is highest on the coast, compared to the eastern part of the country.
The population consists mainly of Lithuanians (about 85%). The remainder consists largely of Polish and Russian, and to a lesser extent from Belarus and others.
In Lithuania, the time difference is 1 hour ahead of Italy, even in the period when it is in daylight saving time.
Official language Republic of Lithuania is Lithuanian, which belongs to the group of Baltic languages such as Latvian, (the two major languages of the Baltic group still exist). Are also popular Russian, Polish and English.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the acquisition of its independence, Lithuania has undergone a transformation that has also affected its production system. Lack of access to affordable energy sources from Russia, resulted in the transition years a deep recession in the industrial sector, which had the first place in Lithuania’s economy, followed by agriculture, the construction and transportation, while the service sector, in particular trade and transport, have continued to grow. Even today, the country does not have significant energy connections, and the service sector, where one of the most important is represented by the transit trade, especially of petroleum products from the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad and direct, is in first place for the production of GDP. However Lithuania has always been a country of agricultural traditions, and even though in the period in which it was annexed by Russia, the industry was the main sector of the economy, agriculture is still an interesting area. In the industrial sector, the food industry, those for wood processing and textiles, are at the heart of the production structure of the country.
When to go Lithuania
In winter the days are dark and cold, the best time to visit Lithuania is the summer, from May to August, with preference for the months of June and July.
Documents required travel Lithuania
The Republic of Lithuania is part of the European Union and for Italian citizens entering the country is required valid identity card or passport. The entry visa is not required for Italian citizens who for reasons of tourism, business or official missions, stay in Lithuania for a period up to 90 days within six months from the date of first entry.
– To call Lithuania the country code is: 00370
The electric current in Lithuania is 220 volts 50Hz. Sockets type C (European 2-pin) and Type F (German 2-pole with side grounding contacts).
Official currency Lithuania is euro.