Ljubljana visit 1 day, what to do and see
Information for visiting Ljubljana, where he is, history and places of interest with route of the main attractions not to be missed.
Tourist Guide Ljubljana
Ljubljana, capital of Slovenia, is located in the central part of the country, along the Ljubljanica river that forms a loop in the city center, consisting of the drainage canal of Gruber dating back to 1780. The area where the town was very busy soon as was along the natural transition paths are geographically located from the Pannonian Plain and the Alps to the Mediterranean on one side and the other to Italy. The oldest finds date back to neolithic and Bronze Age, when the inhabitants lived in stilt houses on the edge of the marshes.
Within the city was found a necropolis of the early Iron Age and on the hill were found many traces of the Hallstatt and La Tene and the Illyrians, who called each Emona this place. After the Roman conquest of the region took place in 48 BC, the city was called Iulia Emona by Augustus in 34 AD. This became a center of the Roman road system and grew very importantly, until its decline that began first with the attacks of Taurisci and then with the Huns in 451 that destroyed it. The first Slavic tribes arrived in the sixth or seventh century, they found the town deserted and settled in the area between the river and the hill, which was fortified in the eighth century.
In the ninth century these tribes fell under the domination of the people of the Franks and often suffered attacks by the Hungarians. The city is mentioned for the first time with the Slavic name of Luwigana in a document from 1144. In 1284 by Ottokar II Duke of Bohemia, the city passed to the counts of Gorizia, and later came under the rule of the Habsburgs, until 1918, with a short interval during the Napoleonic wars. With the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire Ljubljana passed to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and in 1941 the city and all of Lower Carniola became a province of the Italian Venezia Giulia region.
In 1945, following the defeat of the axis, the nationalist militias Slovenian and German troops surrendered all’armata communist Tito and the city was built in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, until independence in 1991. Ljubljana over the centuries has been hit by earthquakes, especially in 1511 and in 1895. The damage suffered and the subsequent reconstructions have influenced the architecture of the city that it is today in various styles.
Things to do in Ljubljana
In its historical center stand our style Baroque and Art Nouveau. The Cathedral of St. Nicholas is in Baroque style, was designed by the Jesuit Andrea Pozzo on the model of the Church of Jesus in Rome. On a hill south of the city center is the medieval castle where, in a panoramic position from the octagonal tower, you can admire the Alpine ring with the peak of Triglav to the north and the plains of the Sava east.
The castle, already mentioned in 1144, was built on the remains of a Roman fort, in turn built on an Iron Age settlement. Other interesting works from the architectural point of view are the Church of St. Peter, the Franciscan Church of the Annunciation, the Triple Bridge and the Bridge of Dragons.