Lucca: what to see, attractions and places to visit in a day
>What to see in Lucca, attractions and places to visit in the city of Tuscany from the historic city walls and tree-lined perfectly preserved.
Wrapped in his walled, Lucca and ‘a Tuscan city of intact old fabric. A walk on the walls on foot or bike is recommended as it offers charming views and different views of the city. Lucca is one of the most important cities in Italy and is famous for being the only city in the world with a tree-lined city walls still intact, dating back to the sixteenth century, which stretches for a distance of 4210 meters well practicable entirely walking or cycling.
The historic center of this city is very well preserved and rich in important monuments and churches. The main road is via Fillungo, areas are suggestive Piazza San Michele, Piazza San Martino with the impressive cathedral and Piazza San Frediano which overlooks the beautiful Basilica with its mosaic outside and near which is the square Amphitheatre, other urban pearl.
The main feature of this city is to have a very well-preserved old town enclosed in the circle of the beautiful tree-lined walls dating back to the XV-XVII century whose perimeter measures approximately 4200 meters. For the large number of churches, for the most part closed today, Lucca is also called the city ‘of a hundred churches. Walking in the center you can admire numerous medieval churches of great artistic value percorrento roads and streets where you can admire beautiful Renaissance buildings with several towers.
Squares of Lucca
– Piazza Napoleone dating back to the principality of Elisa Baciocchi recently renovated to restore it to its former glory with ample space and perimeter marked by trees with comfortable benches to admire the ducal palace.
– Piazza San Martino, which overlooks the Cathedral of Lucca dedicated eponymous Santo
– Piazza San Michele, formidable place for talking and meeting market of victuals held at major festivals (Christmas, Easter, St. Paulinus, Holy Cross, etc.).
– Square amphitheater, built on the ruins of the ancient Roman amphitheater by the architect Nottolini and unique architectural feature for the ovoid shape.
Towers of Lucca
– Guinigi Tower, which is accessed from Via Sant’Andrea 45, is the most important of Lucca. The Guinigi were lords of the city and on the top of the tower did plant a huge holm oak tree that still characterizes and legend has it that in terrra where you are planted buried gold keys of the city.
– Clock Tower, the oldest still functioning clock that marks the passage of time for those living and working in the historic center, is open to the public and offers a splendid view from the top of Lucca and its surroundings.
Places to visit in Lucca
Lucca, a city of art surrounded by his famous and intact city walls, enclosing a historic-looking intact, where churches, towers, buildings are boasting of a great architectural richness. Lucca is also called the city of a hundred churches, to start from the Duomo. To see Piazza Napoleone with the Palace of the Province, the Church of Ss. Giovanni and Reparata with the underground, where you can take an archaeological phases of construction of the Temple, Piazza San Martino with the Cathedral and inside the tomb of Ilaria del Carretto (masterpiece by Jacopo della Quercia), Piazza San Michele and the Church of San Michele in Foro, Church of San Frediano (remarkable Byzantine mosaic on the facade) and Market Square located in the Roman amphitheater. The Museum of Country Villa Guinigi which is based in the fifteenth century villa Paul Guinigi (lord of Lucca from 1400 to 1430) and finally the Palazzo Mansi Via Galli Tassi where the headquarters of the National Art Gallery.
Duomo San Martino
The Cathedral, consecrated in 1070 and completed in 1257, is dedicated to St. Martin and is a masterpiece of Romanesque art. According to tradition was founded by San Frediano in the sixth century, then rebuilt by Anselmo da Baggio, bishop of the city, in 1060 and finally rebuilt between the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The facade is inspired by that of the Cathedral of Pisa, but was enriched by Guidetto from Como, that realization ‘in 1204 with elements typical of the Romanesque Lucchese. Inside there are two monuments are very dear to Lucca: the Holy Face and the tomb of Ilaria del Carretto. The Holy Face is a wooden crucifix in a chapel built by Matthew Civitali in the left aisle of the Cathedral. According to tradition, the crucifix was carved by Nicodemus, who with Joseph of Arimathea laid Jesus’ in the tomb. Along the Via Francigena medieval pilgrims were standing in front of his picture to pay him homage. This depiction of the living Christ, triumphant over death, is still venerated by Lucca and those who come to visit the city ‘, especially on 13 September for the feast of the Holy Cross. Outside the Cathedral is carved a maze, which is also a symbol of the pilgrimage, which is the difficulty of choosing the only right path between the winding streets of life. On the porch in front of the facade of the Cathedral, were the pews for the currency, place quite unusual for the western world. The Tomb of Ilaria del Carretto, a masterpiece by Jacopo della Quercia dating back to 1408, is one of the most representative sculptures of the Italian Renaissance. Ilaria del Carretto, wife of Paolo Guinigi Lord of Lucca, mori ‘birthing young, and Paul Guinigi that was very fond of, did make the great sculptor Jacopo della Quercia this splendid work, which is now located in the sacristy of the cathedral. The Church of San Michele in the hole was built between 1070 and the end of 1200 on the ruins of an earlier church dedicated to St. Michael, who was at the center of the ancient Roman forum. It ‘a work in Gothic style with Romanesque motifs, from the beautiful façade, on whose top’ is the statue of St. Michael the Archangel. From ancient chronicles Lucca that, under the rule of the Doge of Pisa John Lamb, was shot down on the top floor because otherwise this bell would be taller than the tower at Augusta, which was used to exchange signals through Pisan mountains, and also the sound of bells could be heard up to Pisa.
Basilica di San Frediano
The Basilica of San Frediano, already the sixth century there was in the place where there is the actual Basilica, a church built by San Frediano, bishop of Lucca, whose body was placed in a crypt in this Church towards the end of the eighth century . The construction of the building beginning ‘in 1112 and in 1147 there was his consecration. In the thirteenth century, the church was built and adorned with a beautiful mosaic on a gold background on the top of the facade. The basilica with three naves divided by columns with capitals mostly counting from Rome, is enriched with finely decorated side chapels, including the Chapel Fatinelli hosting the casket with the body of Saint Zita. The chapel of Santa Zita and the chapel of the Madonna del Soccorso were originally part of the cemetery of St. Catherine, adjacent to the Basilica. In the space reserved for the Baptistery is the baptismal font, a significant evidence of Romanesque sculpture Lucca.
Church of Santi Giovanni e Reparata
In its current structure, this building dates back mostly to the reconstruction took place in the second half ‘of the twelfth century. Between the end of the sixteenth century and the beginning of the seventeenth century were built the facade, which has preserved the original Romanesque portal, and the coffered wooden ceiling. The Basilica has maintained the same plant the plant earlier, which was built in the fourth and fifth centuries in an aerial of a Roman settlement, as evidenced by a vast archaeological site can be visited under the top of the Basilica. In the area of the Baptistery excavations have found five different levels of stratification that correspond to twelve centuries of history of the city ‘.
Amphitheatre Square was built on the ruins of the ancient Roman amphitheater dating from the first or second century AD Of elliptical structure went ‘into disrepair during the barbarian invasions, in the centuries become’ a kind of quarry of building materials, up to when on the remains of the structure were built houses keeping the elliptical profile. In the nineteenth century was commissioned architect Lorenzo Nottolini to realize the current square, so ‘were demolished the houses that had been built in the center and was built around the way the Amphitheatre.
Walls of Lucca
As already said the city ‘is enclosed by a circle of walls 4 kilometers long and duecentoventimetri, whose construction was decreed in 1504 by the Republic of Lucca and whose work began in the mid-sixteenth century and ended in 1645.lucca walls This impressive work, came up today integrates a whole, is an extraordinary example of military architecture. Inside the walls there are evidences of fortifications dating back to earlier times. The first route of the Roman period remained to defend the city until the early years of the tenth century when, because of the poor state of the walls, it was necessary to build a new city walls of medieval times, the work was carried out between XI and twelfth centuries. New projects and expansions were done later, in the second half of the fourteenth to the early decades of the fifteenth century, the population growth and the changing political and economic conditions. In the nineteenth century Maria Luisa of Bourbon commissioned ‘the architect Lorenzo Nottolini to transform the walls in the Walking Street decorating them with trees. Today the walls are a large public park that offers visitors to Lucca and the opportunity to walk through the fields and enjoy the beautiful views of the historic center of the city ‘.
Birthplace Giacomo Puccini Lucca
Do not forget that in Lucca was born the famous composer Giacomo Puccini, whose birthplace, now a museum, is located in Via di Poggio near Piazza San Michele.
Other monuments to visit
– San Michele in Foro
– Basilica di San Frediano
– Church of Santi Giovanni e Reparata
– Church of San Pietro Somaldi
– Piazza Napoleone
– Amphitheatre square (former Roman amphitheater)
– Piazza San Michele
– Palazzo Ducale; the original project was begun by Bartolomeo Ammannati in 1577-1582 and continued by Filippo Juvarra in the eighteenth century.
– Tower of hours
– House and Tower Guinigi
– National Museum Guinigi
– Museum and National Art Gallery of Lucca
– Botanical Gardens Lucca (1820)
– Palazzo Pfanner
– Walls of Lucca
– Villa Bernardini
– Villa Bottini or Buonvisi to Garden
– Villa Oliva Buonvisi
– Villa Grabau
– Villa Mansi
– Villa Oliva
– Villa Paolina
– Villa Reale in Marlia
– Villa Torrigiani (Capannori)
– Villa Rinaldi Nardi
Lucca is divided into 9 districts
Lucca – Historical Center
– Orange – St. Philip – St. Mark – S. Vito
– Cerasomma – Fagnano – Gattaiola – Meati Montuolo – Ship – S. Angelo in Field – St. Anna – S. Donato
– Antraccoli – Picciorana – SS.Annunziata – S. Cassiano a Vico – S. Pietro a Vico – Tempagnano
– Arliano – Balbano – Carignano (the area west of the Rio Canalaccio) – Castiglioncello – Chiatri – Farneta – Formentale – Maggiano – Nozzano Castello – Nozzano S. Pietro – Piazzano – Ponte S. Pietro – S. Macario in Monte – S. Macario in Piano – S. Maria in Colle – Stabbiano – Vecoli
– Arsina – Chapel – Carignan (east of Rio Canalaccio) – Castagnori – Monte S. Quirico – Mutigliano – Pieve S. Stefano – S. Alessio – S. Martino in Vignale – S. Concordio di Moriano – Tower – Vallebuia
– Mugnano – Pontetetto – S. Concordio C.da Sorbano Judge – Sorbano Bishop
– Aquilea – Deccio Brancoli – Ciciana – Gignano Brancoli – Gugliano – Mammoli – Mastiano – Ombreglio of B.li – Palmata – Piaggione – Square – of B.li – Peve of B.li – Saltocchio – S. Cassiano M.no – S. Gemignano M.no – St. Just B.li – S. Ilario B.li – S. Lorenzo B.li – S. Lorenzo M.no – St. Michael M.no – S. Pancrazio – St. Quirico M.no – St. Stephen M.no – Sixth M.no – Tramonte B.li
– Massa Pisana – Pozzuolo – S. Lorenzo a Vaccoli – S. Maria del Giudice – S. Michele in Escheto – Vicopelago.
List of the 81 fractions municipal
Antraccoli, Aquileia, Orange, Arliano, arsine, Balbano, Chapel, Carignano, Castagnori, Castiglioncello, Cerasomma, Chiatri, Ciciana, Deccio Brancoli, Fagnano, Farneta, cat flap, Gignano Brancoli, Maggiano, Massa Pisana, Mastiano, Meati, Monte San Quirico, Montuolo, Mutigliano, Mugnano, Ship, Nozzano Nozzano San Pietro, Nozzano Vecchia, Ombreglio Brancoli, Palmata, Piaggione, Steps Brancoli, Piazzano, Picciorana, Pieve di Brancoli, Pieve Santo Stefano, Ponte a Moriano, Bridge Giglio, Ponte San Pietro, Pontetetto, Saltocchio, San Cassiano a Vico, San Cassano Moriano, San Concordio di Moriano, San Donato, San Filippo, San Gemegnano, San Giusto di Brancoli, San Lorenzo a Vaccoli, San Lorenzo di Moriano, San Macario in Monte, San Macario in floor, San Michele di Moriano, San Michele in Escheto, San Pancazio, San Pietro a Vico, San Quirico in Moriano, St. Vitus, St. Alexis, in Campo Sant’Angelo, St. Hilary of Brancoli , Santa Maria a hill, Santa Maria of the judge, Santissima Annunziata, Santo Stefano di Moriano, Sesto Moriano, Sorbano the judge, Sorbano Bishop, Stabbiano, Tempagnano of Lunata, Torre, Torre to Maddalena, Torre Alta, Tramonte, Tramonte of fumbling, Vallebuia, Vecoli, Vicopelago, Vinchiana. Hotels bookable in Lucca are close to the historic center or in the immediate vicinity. We then also characteristic hotels in the center of Lucca to live even better this city from the “inside” as they say many of Lucca.
Tourism in Lucca
The term lucchesia indicates the territorial area located near Lucca, a city to visit for tourism, which is located in the Tuscany region in Italy. The Lucca is surrounded by mountain ranges. In the South-West are the Monti Pisani that mark the border with the province of Pisa and of which the Monte Serra is the highest just below the thousand meters of altitude. To the north lies the Tosco Emiliano with Pizzorne while to the west are the Apuan Alps. In Lucca are also many mansions, idendificate as Lucca villas including Villa Mansi, Villa Oliva, Villa Reale, Villa Grabau, Villa Torrigiani and Villa Bernardini some visited regularly, others only by appointment or during ceremonies.