Machu Picchu: what to see in the ancient Inca city of Peru
What to visit Machu Picchu, where it is, site description, excursions, information on route walking trail and history.
Machu Picchu Travel Guide
The archaeological site of Machu Picchu, the ancient Inca city, is located in Peru approximately 100 km. north-west of Cuzco, in the Cordillera de Vilcabamba the Andes, at an altitude of about 2,430 meters above sea level, above the canyon of the Urubamba River, the mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu.
In the name comes from the Quechua language terms Machu (old) and pikchu (top or mountain). The Western world learned of Machu Picchu in 1911, when archaeologist Hiram Bingham at the head of an expedition dedicated to finding Vilcabamba, the lost city of the Incas, later associated with the ruins of Espiritu Pampa, was conducted on site by Melchor Arteaga, a local Quechua language.
The homes of Machu Picchu were probably built and inhabited by the middle of the fifteenth century to the first half of the sixteenth century, in a place of extraordinary beauty.
What to see in Machu Picchu
The area consists of two parts, agricultural, with terraces for crops, and urban, corresponding to the town, whose stone buildings, walls, terraces, ramps and stairs were harmoniously inserted in ‘ natural environment, and are a magnificent example of the interaction between man and nature.
The city, surrounded by vertiginous cliffs and then in a very protected by nature, was probably kind of a summer residence for the emperor and nobility Inca. Since 1983, the site is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.