Madrid: what to see, itinerary to visit on foot in two days

What to see in Madrid, capital of Spain, a city with ancient origins and interesting monuments, walking route and the Prado Museum.

Travel Guide Madrid

Madrid, built on the site where he was an Arab fortress called Magerit, began to take the shape of the current urban between the seventeenth and eighteenth century., Although the first traces of its existence date back to the ninth century. In 1992 he received the acknowledgment of European Capital of Culture.

Madrid on foot

– Museo del Prado, one of the most important in the world, is rich in works of art, among which those of Goya, Velasquez, Caravaggio and Raphael, as well as those of prestigious Italian artists.

– Royal Palace rebuilt in the eighteenth century., After it was destroyed by fire. Once the residence of the Spanish royal family, today is used to receive the heads of state of other nations. Scattered in many rooms there are paintings by famous artists. Of particular beauty of the Throne Room, the Porcelain Room, the Royal Pharmacy el Royal Armory, where you can see a collection of armor.

– Almudena Cathedral, is located along the south side of the Royal Palace, opposite the entrance of visitors, precisely at the point where the mosque once stood Madrid. The project dates back to 1800 but it was consecrated in 1993 by Pope John Paul II, becoming the Cathedral of Madrid. The construction lasted for over a century and why the original project was modified several times, combining architectural styles from different eras.

– Plaza Mayor, the main meeting place of the city located in the center, has a rectangular plan and was built in the seventeenth century. The historical buildings along its sides, have the ground floor of the arcade where you can find various kinds of shops and to eat or drink. In the middle of the square is a statue of King Philip III. The House of Panaderia is the most prestigious building, originally a bakery citizen, hosted respectively following the ‘Royal Academy of History, the Municipal Library and today the Center of Tourism of Madrid. L ‘Arc de Cuchilleros is the gateway to the most known, designed by the same architect, author of the current design of the square, the Spaniard Juan de Villanueva.

– Puerta del Sol, is the central square of Madrid from which radiate many roads, so nicknamed the kilometer 0, there is the Metro.

– Retiro Park is a huge park in the center of Madrid, visited on foot or by bicycle, the inside is a glass building, where some exhibitions are held regularly, and a small lake where you can rent small boats to make a suggestive around.

– Monastery of El Escorial, distant about fifty kilometers from Madrid, is a complex of buildings rich in history and art, in the past the first private residence, then pantheon, monastery and church.

– Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caidos, is located less than ten kilometers from El Escorial Monastery, was opened to the public in 1957 and is part of the national heritage of Spain. This monument was designed by Francisco Franco for the burial of Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, who fell during the Spanish civil war, and tens of thousands of fighters.

– Center of Art Queen Sofia, located in Santa Isabel, is a modern art museum dedicated to the works of art created from the early twentieth century. The lure more tourists is the Guernica by Pablo Picasso.