Maldives: travel guide, information holiday archipelago
Maldives travel tips, things to know to organize holidays in the beautiful archipelago of atolls in the Indian Ocean.
Maldives in brief
- Capital: Male
- Surface area in square kilometers: 298
- Population: 359.008
- Religion: Sunni Muslim
Where are the Maldives
The archipelago of the Maldives, consists of 26 atolls for a total of 1,190 coral islands (of which only 202 inhabited), is located in the Indian Ocean, southwest of the southern tip of the Indian Peninsula, straddling the equator. The islands are based on a foundation of rock, located a few meters above sea level, they have beautiful white sand beaches and a flora composed of tropical trees (coconut palms, mangroves, pandanus, papaya, banana, ficus benghalensis etc.). The atolls are formed by a more or less circular reef that separates the islands that are located inside the deep waters of the ocean. The islands, surrounded by a lagoon of clear water and blue, are of various sizes, the largest being Fua Mulaku located in Gnaviyani atoll, in the south of the archipelago.
The Maldives islands inhabited from the sixth century, were governed by a first autonomous sultanate past subsequently, from the seventeenth century, first under the protection of the Dutch and then the English from 1887 onwards. Despite having achieved independence in 1968 with the proclamation of the Republic Presidential, the Maldives have had many years of authoritarian rule and only in 2005, with the introduction of the multiparty system, has opened more space for democracy.
The climate of the Maldives, influenced by the monsoons, is characterized by two seasons.
– Dry season, between December and April (northeast monsoon), rainfall is scarce and the sea is calm.
– Wet season, between May and November (southwest monsoon), there are rains daily and rough sea.
The climate is pleasant and temperatures are maintained throughout the year. The average temperature is about 28°/29° C, the water varies between 27 ° and 29 ° C.
From various research it shows that there was already a very ancient civilization when they arrived in the Maldives the first settlers from Sri Lanka and southern India. Next to these ethnic groups were added populations from Africa and the Arab countries. In addition there have been contacts with the Portuguese, Dutch, English. Therefore the people of the Maldives is ethnically mixed. In recent years there has been a flow of migrants from Sri Lanka, India and Bangladesh.
UTC/GMT +5 hours
Dhivehi is the official language of the Maldives.
Fishing and related activities are the main activity of the people of the Maldives, along with the cultivation of the coconut palm, from which we get the nut, coconut oil, palm fiber. Very important is tourism sector.
When to go to the Maldives
Preferred months to go to the Maldives are from mid-December to March, which corresponds to the dry period. This is also the most expensive period because high season. Otherwise you can opt for November and April.
-A thirty day free visa is issued on arrival for all Nationalities.
Calling Code is 00960
Supply electricity: 220/240 volts
The Rufiyaa is the official currency of Maldives.