Malta holidays useful travel and tourism, what to see
Malta travel guide, useful information for travel and holidays, what to see in the island’s south-central Mediterranean Sea.
- Capital: Valletta
- Surface area in square kilometers: 315.6
- Population: 406 583
- Religion: Catholic majority and a small minority Muslim, Jewish and other Christian denominations.
Where is Malta
Malta’s Archipelago is located in the south central Mediterranean Sea, between the coast of Sicily and that of Tunisia. It’s consists of three main islands: Malta, Gozo, Comino and other minor. The largest island is Malta, followed by Gozo and Comino (almost uninhabited). The territory of the islands is mostly limestone and flat, with high and rocky coasts. Are widespread karst surface, which corresponds to an underground cave system. The courses of water are absent.
The climate is Mediterranean, with short, mild winters and long hot and dry summers. The temperature is mitigated by the influence of the sea and in the fall and spring can blow the sirocco, a hot wind and wet.
The majority of the population is Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians) and a small minority of Italian, English and others.
UTC/GMT +1 hour
Malta’s official languages are Maltese and English.
Malta’s economy is tied to trade with foreign countries, because it produces only a small part of its requirements (has few resources of drinking water and electricity). In its favor Malta has a good geographical position, the resources of limestone, the manufacturing industries in the textile and electronic and above all a thriving tourism sector. The country is part of the European Union.
When to go Malta
The summer is the peak season. Also spring and autumn are periods good for visit malta.
If you’re EU citizen: Passport and National ID Card.
Since the introduction of the Schengen rules, there are no longer border controls between 22 European Union member countries. The only exceptions are Bulgaria, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania and the United Kingdom.
Calling code is: 00356
The electric current is 220 V 50 Hz.
Euro is Malta’s official currency.
Malta’s island for its strategic position has been the crossroads of many civilizations. Inhabited since prehistoric times, it was colonized by the Phoenicians and Greeks, came under the control of Carthage, was conquered by the Romans in 60 AD and was also visited by St. Paul who was shipwrecked on his way to Rome. After a period of Byzantine rule the island was conquered by the Arabs, who introduced new crops and the Arabic language. Arab rule ended with the arrival of the Normans from the Kingdom of Sicily, which was followed by the Angevins, the Hohenstaufen and the Aragonese.
In 1530 Charles V granted Malta to the Knights Hospitallers rent perennial, known as the Knights of Malta, a monastic order that the military in 1565 successfully defended heroically the island from the siege of the Turks. The Knights did fortify the island and was built the city of Valletta. The order lost the sovereignty of the island in 1798 when they were expelled by Napoleon, who also confiscated all their property. The Maltese rebelled against the French and with the help of Britain and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies were able to get rid of it. Despite Borbonone they claimed the sovereignty of the island, Malta became part of the British Empire, in 1964 it gained independence in 2003 and joined the European Union.
Today, tourism is very developed in Malta, thanks to the favorable characteristics of the archipelago, first of all, the beauty of its beaches and mild climate all year round. Book hotels in Malta could be a good idea for several reasons, given the variety of attractions and important historical sites on the island.
What to see in Malta in 3 days
– Valletta, Malta’s capital city, is rich in historical monuments and is part of the World Heritage Site. In first place the co-Cathedral of St. John, (elected co-cathedral together in San Pawl Mdina) that was built by the Knights Hospitallers from 1573 to 1577. Simple from architectural point of view, houses a beautiful works ‘art, paintings, frescoes, decorations and sculptures, made by the great masters. Oratory is the “Beheading of St. John the Baptist” by Caravaggio.
Other interesting monuments are the Palace of the Grand Masters, who with his majesty and grandeur testifies to the importance of the Knights of Malta, the Casa Rocca Piccola, a rich noble house with private inside valuable collections that testify to the uses and customs of the Maltese nobility over the last 400 years, the National Museum of Archaeology, the Museum of Fine Arts, Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni (Paola), which is an underground cavity extended on three levels from different periods of between 3600 and 2500 BC. The Hypogeum seems that originally it was a sanctuary and became a necropolis in prehistoric times and currently has been declared World Heritage by UNESCO dell’umantià, visited prenotatando advance.
– Mdina is the old capital of Malta, surrounded by massive walls built by the Arabs, with the inside of the rich palaces nobiliari.Palazzo Falson is the second oldest building in Mdina and can be visited.
– Marsaxlokk is a picturesque fishing village and the natural harbor of the island.
– Vittoriosa, Senglea and Cospicua, known as the Cottonera, are cities located on three peninsulas that hosted the dry docks of the British navy, and for that, during the Second World War, suffered devastating bombing. At that tragic period are tunnels dug into the fortification walls, which can be visited today. E ‘can also visit the Inquisitor’s Palace, the Church of San Lorenzo, the Oratory of St. Joseph, and the Maritime Museum.
Megalithic Temples of Malta
Important Megalithic Temples there are in Malta e Gozo, of which the oldest dates back to 5000 BC. These places are indicated in the list of UNESCO.