What to see in Mantua, art cities of Lombardy and the cradle of the Italian Renaissance, history, Palazzo Te and itinerary to visit the center on foot.
Travel Guide Mantua
Mantua is a city ‘art of Lombardy around which the River Mincio widens in the three lakes: Lake Superior, Lake Middle and Lower Lake. Mantua was one of the most vital of the Renaissance, during which artists such as Donatello, Leon Battista Alberti, Andrea Mantegna, Giulio Romano, and even skilled craftsmen, invited to the court of the Gonzaga, realized splendid works of art.
Mantova with Sabbioneta is part of the World Heritage of Humanity ‘by UNESCO. In the sixth century BC, the territory of Mantua corresponded to one of the tips more ‘advanced expansion to the north east of the Etruscans. The Etruscan rule ended in 388 BC, following the invasion of the Gauls Cenomani. In 220 BC there was the conquest of the Romans, and near Mantua, in a small village Pietole corresponding to today, in 70 BC, was born Virgil, the Latin poet and philosopher.
After the fall of the Roman Empire Mantua was invaded by the Goths, Byzantines, Lombards and Franks. The goal ‘of the ninth century, the area was subject to the jurisdiction of Canossa by Emperor Louis II. After the death of the Countess Matilda in 1116, the city ‘will constitute’ free municipality. Era municipal Mantua became a center commercially and politically important, they claimed families Bonacolsi, Arlotti, Casaloldi.
In 1272 the Bonacolsi obtained the domain of the city ‘, until 1328, when Gonzaga took power, and until 1707 the history of Mantua was linked to this family, having obtained them by Emperor Sigismund, the title of Marquis and the right of inheritance of power.
After 1707 Mantova was assigned to Austria, since ‘the last Duke of branch Gonzaga-Nevers was overthrown by Emperor Germanic, not to have fulfilled its duties vassallaggio.veduta of Mantua This first phase of Austrian domination, duration almost a century, is followed by a period of French domination. In 1815 the Congress of Vienna, the Austrians regained possession of the city ‘, until the union of the Kingdom of Italy.
Itinerary to visit Mantua on foot
Near the Ponte San Giorgio, which divides the lake from the Middle-Lower Lake, are concentrated places and buildings historical and artistic best known of the city ‘.
To start from Piazza Sordello, bordered by some of the monuments more ‘interesting Mantua. Piazza Sordello doing entrance from the south side, from the arch that ‘access to the nearby Piazza Broletto, is closed on the left by a number of ancient buildings of the embattled sec. XIII, which is opposed to the opposite side the facade of Palazzo Ducale, and basically, the north side is closed by the facade of the Duomo.
The Duomo, of medieval origin is dedicated to St. Peter. The building has different styles: the late gothic side, inside the sixteenth century, the walls of Gothic chapels then destroyed, the Romanesque bell tower and the neoclassical facade in Carrara marble.
The Ducal Palace was the main residence of the Gonzaga family, and is a complex of buildings built between the second half ‘of the twelfth century and a half’ of the seventeenth century, which is spread to the shores of Lake Inferior including palaces, gardens, churches, squares internal and porches.
The oldest part of the building corresponds to the buildings overlooking Piazza Sordello, the Magna Domus and the Captain’s Palace, built by the facts Bonacolsi. The palace consists of more than five hundred rooms where there are testimonies of the greatest artists who worked in the city ‘.
Very famous is the room Picta, known the couple’s bedroom. The room was decorated with frescoes by Mantegna and is located in the northeast tower of the Castle of San Giorgio, in the complex of Palazzo Ducale. In Piazza Mantegna is the Basilica of St. Andrew, rebuilt on two previous constructions; a Benedictine monastery and a church dedicated to the Apostle Andrew built where the vessels were found containing the relic of the earth soaked with the precious blood of Christ on the Cross.
In 1472 Ludwig II Gonzaga entrust ‘the project of this prestigious Renaissance work in Leon Battista Alberti, while The work was followed by Luca Fancelli. The Basilica was completed in more ‘shooting, the cover was made with a dome designed by Filippo Juvarra, between 1732 and 1765. In the crypt under the basilica are kept the sacred vessels containing the blood of Christ.
In the first chapel on the left side is the tomb of the painter Andrea Mantegna, who died in Mantua in 1506. Of the old buildings have remained the Gothic bell tower and one side of the cloister. In Piazza Erbe, adjacent to Piazza Mantegna, there is the Rotunda of San Lorraine, the Church more ‘old Mantua.
It was built in 1082 by Matilda of Canossa inspired probably by the circular, the church of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, built by the Emperor Constantine. Inside, there are traces of frescoes of the XI-XII century, the Byzantine origin.
Palazzo Te Mantua
Among the most important buildings of Mantua worth a visit Palazzo Te, which takes its name from the old location ‘in which it was built. The palace from the original architectural layout was built by Federico II Gonzaga in 1525-26, designed by Giulio Pippi, known as Giulio Romano. The great suburban villa, considered a masterpiece of architecture and painting of Giulio Romano, was built as a building for leisure, for receptions and ceremonies.