Mascarene Archipelago: Islands list
Mascarene Islands, where they are, origin of the name and what are the most important islands of this archipelago in the Indian Ocean.
Mascarene Islands archipelago geography
Mascarene Islands form an archipelago in the Indian Ocean to the east of Madagascar of which the most important are Reunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agalega and St. Brandon.
Origin of the name the Mascarene Islands
The name comes from the Mascarene Portuguese navigator who discovered them first.
Mauritius Islands is characterized by having a central plateau that culminates in Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire with 828 m of altitude. They can see many traces of past volcanic activity such as the crater of Trou aux Cerfs and the volcanic lake of Grand Bassin.
The climate is tropical with warm winters and dry hot summers humid with frequent cyclones in the period from November to April. A North West of the island is Port Louis, which is the capital, while other major cities are Curepipe, Vacoas, Phoenix, Quatre Bornes, Rose-Hill and Beau-Bassin.
The Reunion is a mountainous island of volcanic origin with its highest point at the Piton des Neiges with well 3,069 meters above sea level. Rodrigues, a small island that belongs to the Republic of Mauritius capital Port-Mathurin, was discovered in 1528 by the Portuguese navigator Diego Rodriguez.