Massa Marittima: what to see, attractions and places to visit
What to see in Massa Marittima, attractions and places to visit in this ancient village of Tuscany, surrounded by a typical hilly landscape.
Attractions Massa Marittima
Massa Marittima is a Tuscan city of Grosseto, located ten miles from the sea. The name refers to the maritime Maritima Regio, as the ninth century is called the coastal strip from Cecina to Civitavecchia.
The town, surrounded by the Maremma countryside, is the most important area of the metalliferous hills of Grosseto, an area rich in mines of silver and copper, characterized for centuries by mining, went into decline starting from the late seventies of the last century, until the final closing.
The history of Massa Marittima is strongly linked to these mines, exploited from early Metal Age (III millennium BC) and especially in Etruscan and medieval. The city grew around the year one thousand, when the bishopric moved from the Castle of Populonia Monteregio, a structure which is now incorporated in the historic center of Massa Marittima.
The period of greatest splendor economic, cultural, art and architecture of the city was between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, in fact the most valuable monuments date back to that period. In 1225 it became a free commune and in 1317 at the end of the republic began to beat its own currency, the “big massetano”, but in 1335 it was conquered by Siena Massa Marittima and began a phase of economic and demographic decline.
However in 1557, with the submission of Siena to Florence, the Medici tried to favor the recovery of the territory, but the change is more effective had since 1737 with the arrival of Lorraine, who carried out a progressive reclamation Watershed wetlands in the area and founded a hospital, reopened mines, industries and was given new agriculture development.
The old center, the “old town”, the Medieval style and high artistic value is collected around the Duomo. The “new city” an expansion of the city designed in 1228, is located on a top shelf of the hill and is drawing regular.
Places to visit Massa Marittima
In Piazza Garibaldi or near it are the beautiful architecture of the “old town”: the Cathedral, the Bishop’s Palace, the building of the thirteenth source of Abundance, the Praetorian Palace, the thirteenth-century home of the Earls of Biserno, the tower of Biserno, opposite the Town Hall with the lodges of the City, the medieval building of the Mint.
The Cathedral of Massa Marittima is the Cathedral of San Cerbone, a masterpiece of Romanesque-Gothic Pisa, began in the eleventh century and enlarged between 1287 and 1304 with the construction of the presbytery and polygonal apse. The bell tower is inspired by Romanesque elements Siena, the dome is octagonal in shape and the interior, with three naves, houses many works of art.
The Praetorian Palace is located in front of the facade of the Cathedral, was built about 1230 and was the former residence of the mayor. Today it houses the Civic Museums. From the “old town” you access the “new city”, through the door and away Moncini Silici, above which rises the tower of the Candelabra, in Piazza Matteotti.
The Clock Tower of Candlestick or was demolished for about a third of its original height by Siena when they conquered the city, in submission to Siena. Door Silici and the Tower of Candlestick are incorporated through a majestic arched overpass, the complex of the Fortress Senese, built in stages between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, to divide the people of Massa, so you do not rebel to the domain of Siena. cathedral, travel mass maritime