Melbourne: tour guide, a visit in the Australian city
Visit Melbourne, attractions and main monuments not to be missed, what to do in the city considered the most livable city in the world.
Travel Guide Melbourne
Melbourne, capital of Victoria and Australia’s second largest city by population and economic importance, is located at the mouth of the Yarra River, in the inner part of the bay of Port Phillip. In 1835, the Englishman John Batman was the first European to settle in the area, buying land from the local population, 360,000 hectares of land in exchange for blankets, beads, knives and mirrors.
Two years later, in 1837, other Europeans settled there, they divided the land and founded the city, which owes its name to the British Prime Minister Lord Melbourne. It was 1851 when, in a small river tributary of the Yarra River at Warrandyte, were discovered gold deposits, there was an exciting rush by a large number of people, mainly from other Australian colonies and Great Britain, they organized along the banks of the Yarra River, increasing the population of the city.
Remember this period many public buildings in Melbourne, as the building of the Treasury, the House of Parliament, the State Library and the Town Hall, while most of the remaining buildings are modern. After World War II many immigrants from the United Kingdom, Greece, Italy and other European countries settled in Melbourne, and these were added in the early eighties of the twentieth century, migrants from Southeast Asia, helping to build character multicultural Melbourne, considered the most livable city in the world ranking by the Economist Intelligence Unit.
The area’s original settlement coincides with the center of Melbourne, where Bourke and Swanston streets were closed to traffic and turned into pedestrian areas, and where there are the Parliament, the Anglican and Catholic cathedrals, museums, the Palace of Justice , the State Library and many financial institutions, including major banks and the Stock Exchange. Opposite the Flinders Street Station and the Cathedral of St. Paul, is the square of Federation Square, the cultural district and a meeting point for Melbourne.
Things to do in Melbourne
St Kilda, neighborhood located south of the center, is just a 15-minute tram ride starting from Flinder Station. Very popular beach, where you can spend relaxing days, the long pier, from which to observe the penguins, and the great Luna Park.
Crown is the largest casino in the area, local entertainment located on the southern bank of the Yarra River.
Brunswick St is the most characteristic area of Melbourne, there are many pubs and cafes, along with shops and ethnic art, it is the ideal place to spend half a day relaxing. The evenings are enlivened by live music in the clubs, to see the graffiti in the neighborhood Fitzroy.
Royal Botanic Gardens is a huge park in the city center, where to indulge in pleasant reading or refreshment lunches. This area includes a wide variety of plants and the Shrine, the war memorial in the Second World War.
Lygon St is one of the most popular, there are restaurants where are served excellent dishes of Italian cuisine, pizzas and pasta of all kinds, at low prices.
Immigration Museum, through modern interactive tools, are shown some interesting documents and photos, to give effect to a comprehensive historical reconstruction of the significant influx of immigrants in Australia since the early 1900s.
Museum of Aboriginal history, presents an overview of the situation in Australia prior to the period of immigration, during the period of colonization and consecutive, highlighting the pros and cons of these events resulted in the original populations.
RoofTop Bar is one of the most evocative of the city, located on the seventh floor of the building at No. 252 Swanston St, on top of the building, from where you can appreciate the unusual feeling of standing above the world.
Queen Victoria Market is one of the largest markets of the city, there are food, objects of all types, clothing, and rooms where they serve ethnic foods.
Great Ocean Road is the main road to get away from the city center, to explore the beaches and coastal towns.
Eureka Tower is the tallest building in Melbourne, from which to admire the city with a vision of all its districts, it’s wonderful scenery.