Mexico City: what to see in the ancient Tenochtitlan

What to see in Mexico City, where it is, the main attractions and itinerary of places of interest to visit, to the square of the three cultures to the cathedral, to the Basilica of Guadalupe.

Mexico City Travel Guide

Mexico City is the capital of Mexico, is located at ca. 2300 mt. above sea level in the place where the Aztecs founded the city of Tenochtitlan, the middle of Lake Texcoco. Tenochtitlan was a city of a particular beauty. Now Mexico City is one of the most populated cities in the world and is striking for its size.

In Mexico City there are many interesting places to see, museums, archaeological sites, historic buildings and bustling markets can also keep busy for months any visitor who desired. The main venue of Mexico City is the Plaza de la Constitution with the cathedral on one side and the magnificent Palacio National.

To know the history of the city and the nation, it is recommended to visit the Museum of Anthropology, particularly rich in documentation, while for the fun it is recommended the Zona Rosa, where there are restaurants and in large numbers.

What to visit in Mexico City

Plaza of the Three Cultures, located in the center, owes its name to the different periods of the buildings that surround it. The first culture is that of Tenochtitlan, dating back to the period prior to the conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards, visible in the remains of the ancient Aztec city, the second culture is that of Spain, represented by the Cathedral of Santiago and a convent built in the colonial era The third culture is that of Mexico today, witnessed by the modern building of the Foreign Ministry.

Constitution Square, in the Mexican Plaza de la Constitution or Zocalo, rientre among the main attractions of the city, is the main square of the old town and the second in the world by surface area, after the Red Square in Moscow. At the center of cobbled paving of the square is the decoration representing the Mexican flag at large. Constitution Square is considered the heart of the city, which hosts major events, festivals and protests, a good starting point to start your tour of the city.

Metropolitan Cathedral: the enormous size on the north side of the Zocalo, was built over a period of 250 years and is a mix of architectural styles. The cathedral is slowly sinking into the ground, as well as other buildings in the old town, and this was put in place a major engineering project to safeguard these ancient buildings.

National Palace: is located in the square of the Constitution and is the seat of government, was built in 1563 on the land where the house of Hernán Cortés built in 1523. Originally housing the viceroy, was originally inhabited by Luis de Velasco, the second viceroy of New Spain, while later the building was renovated to house the court and jail. The main attraction is represented by the murals of Diego Rivera, depicting thousands of years of Mexican history.

Templo Mayor: means Great Temple and was the main temple of Tenochtitlan, the ancient name of Mexico City which was the capital of the Aztec empire. Its construction began in 1337 and the form was that of a pyramid with vertical development of 60 meters in height and support function to the two temples located in the summit, dedicated to the gods Huitzilopochtli and Tlaloc, which were considered by the Aztecs equal expression of divine omnipotence . It was completed in 1487, witnessed by date plaque ancient ornament to the perimeter walls. The temple of Huitzilopochtli, who was the god of war and of the sun, was placed on the left and painted red. According to mythology the men who died in battle and women exhale during childbirth had to go and serve Huitzilopochtli in his temple, as a privilege for those who had suffered so much in life, were the only ones considered worthy to see him. In a later period, they could come back to life in the form of butterflies or hummingbirds.

Temple of Tlaloc: this sacred building dedicated to Tlaloc, god of rain and fertility, was located on the right and painted blue. Tlaloc was a deity much feared by the Aztecs who believed responsible for the floods in the city and to the sad drowning succeeded. Before making sacrifices to honor him, the tears of the sacrificial victims were poured into a suitable container and dates offered to the god feared. This temple went almost entirely destroyed during the invasion of the city, which took place in 1521, at the hands of the conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés. In 1978, the employees of electric companies digging beside the cathedral unearthed a large round stone depicting the Aztec moon goddess Coyolxauqui.

Palace of Fine Arts: it is a grandiose theater built in 1910 to commemorate the centenary of the independence of Mexico. It contains some murals of Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros and Rufino Tamayo.

Anthropology Museum: located in the woods of Chapultepec, houses the world’s largest collection of pre-Columbian art on the cultures Mayan, Aztec, Olmec, Teotihuacan, Toltec, Zapotec and Mixtec. The upper floor is dedicated to a vast display of archaeological finds dating back to the indigenous peoples lived in Mexican territory. At the entrance of the museum is a monolith of origin Teotihuacan, located above a fountain, which according to popular legend would be a representation of Tlaloc.

Basilica of Guadalupe: set on a hill of Tepeyac, is a Catholic shrine built in honor and dedicated to the Virgin of Guadalupe, which is the largest Catholic building built in Mexico, visited annually by nearly two million pilgrims from around the world. Our Lady Our Lady of Guadalupe is the patroness of Mexico and significant national symbol. Inside the church you can see the cloak of Juan Diego showing his image.