Mexico holidays guide, useful travel and tourism

mexico map
mexico map

Travel Guide Mexico, journey to the land of the high lands, with all the things to know to organize holidays in the state of America.

Mexico in brief

  • Capital: Mexico City
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 1972547
  • Population: 107 million (2006)
  • Religion: Catholic majority

Where is Mexico

Mexico is bordered to the north by the United States, southeast with Guatemala and Belize. flag mexico And ‘wet west by the Pacific Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean and more specifically from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Mexico is predominantly a country of high lands. Two chains of mountains, the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west and the Sierra Madre Oriental in the east, running parallel to the short distance from the coast, and surround the interior highlands that constitute the mainland of Mexico. Further south these two chains come together and form the Southern Sierra Madre in which stand out as the major volcanic cones Citlaltepetl (5700 m.) And Popocatepetl (5452 m.). To the west stretches into the Pacific Ocean, the peninsula of California, while to the east, between the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea stretches the great flat peninsula of Yucatan.

Plateau of Mexico

Much of the Mexican territory is located in more than one thousand meters of altitude above sea level and is made primarily from the plateau Central, outlined by the Sierra Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre Oriental. There are also a volcanic chain and cross a mountainous region south extended to the limestones of the Yucatán. Between the Sierra Madre Oriental and the ocean is a flat area extended to the Yucatán. The coastline bathed by the Pacific Ocean is high and rocky, while south of the Río Balsas are the Sierra Madre del Sur and the Sierra Madre of Chiapas, divided from the isthmus of Tehuantepec. To the north lies the rather narrow peninsula known as Baja California. The major river is the Río Bravo Mexican del Norte on the border with the United States of America. Among the many rivers that run into the Pacific are the Sonora, the Yaqui, Fuerte, the Santiago and Balsas. Others who run into the Gulf of Mexico are the Panuco, the Tecolutla, the Papaloapan, Grijalva and Usumacinta. The rivers of the plateau are mostly pouring in brackish water lakes frequently.

Hydrography Mexico

The only major river of Mexico is the Rio Grande, which marks a section of the border with the US. The largest lake is Lake Chapala Mexico, located at 1500 meters high.

Climate Mexico

Mexico is crossed by the Tropic of Cancer. The temperatures are high. In particular, in the Yucatan Peninsula and on the slopes facing the Atlantic Ocean, the climate is warm and humid, but because this country is mostly mountainous, climatic conditions are influenced by the height of the reliefs.

– The hot lands along the coast from sea level up to 1000 meters high: tropical climate.
– The lands temperate highlands included in the two greenhouses, between 1000 and 2000 meters high: temperate arid.
– The cold lands in the highest part of the mountains above 2000 meters: typical mountain climate.

Population Mexico

The population is made for more than half of mestizos (mixed descent predominantly Spanish-indigenous). The rest consists of Amerindian and Creole (mostly descendants of Spanish settlers) as well as a small percentage of Asians and blacks.

Time zone Mexico

In Mexico there is a time difference of seven hours behind Italy.

Language spoken Mexico

The official language of Mexico is Spanish. Also are officially recognized by the government several Amerindian languages, including Nahuatl and Maya. In tourist areas also spoke English.

Economics Mexico

The general economic situation of Mexico looks quite stable, even though the country still can not be adequately benefited from their wealth (oil and mineral reserves, manpower sufficiently prepared, tourist wealth, its geographical location). In fact, the industrial system of the country is characterized by a strong presence of foreign-owned multinationals, and a financial system, now controlled by foreign groups, with the focus towards global interests, rather than to those of local companies. The largest groups parastatal, closed to foreign capital, are distressed at the lack of investments, especially in the oil and electricity. In agriculture, the main products of Mexico are cereals such as corn, wheat, sorghum, rice, oats, barley and beans. From areas in tropical climate come coffee, sugar, cocoa, bananas and pineapples, besides citrus fruit that are also found in temperate zones, along with the cultivation of vines and olives. Also important is the cultivation of fiber plants such as cotton, flax and agave. All of these products come in most commercial agriculture, while there are small farmers who produce small amounts of the edge of survival, forced to leave the countryside to the big cities, thus increasing ‘the number of unemployed.

When you go to Mexico

The tourist season coincides with the winter months (December is high season), in Caribbean locations such as Cancun and Riviera Maya in the Yucatan Peninsula. In particular, November is the month recommended to visit this region (the rains are over and it is not yet high season). In Mexico the dry season covers the months from October / November to May, while the period that includes the months of June / September, are those wettest and hottest especially in low-lying areas of Mexico, and further south on the coast as Acapulco Pacific and in the resorts on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Chiapas (in the south) is the state wettest, while the northern regions are the driest. Also moving from the coast to the interior, the mountains, there is considerable variation in temperature with altitude.

Documents required Mexico

Italian citizens who intend to travel to Mexico to be in possession of passport valid for at least three months from the date of entry into the country. Also be submitted at entry the tourist card: is issued by the airline and compiled during the flight, must be kept during the trip and returned to the customs upon departure. For tourism, up to 90 days of stay, do not need a visa. If the stay exceeds 90 days, you can request an on-site extension of the period, for a total maximum stay of 180 days, at the discretion of the officer. The visa is still required for those who travel to Mexico for reasons other than tourism, and must be requested prior to departure, at the Consulates of Mexico in Italy.

Vaccinations Mexico

No vaccination is not mandatory for Mexico, but for those visiting the wetlands of the country is a recommended prophylaxis.

Phone Mexico

– The prefix for calling from Italy to Mexico: 0052
– The prefix for calling from Mexico in Italy: 0039

Electricity Mexico

The electric current is 110 volts with sockets lamella. Therefore, a transformer and an adapter to the socket

Mexican currency

The official currency is the Mexican Nuevo Peso. For payments you can make ATM withdrawals and use credit cards, keeping in mind that not all businesses accept all brands.

Getting in Mexico

BY AIR
The international airport “Benito Juarez” in Mexico City is the country’s main airport, and is very well connected with the cities of the United States, Canada, and other places, also by flights of US airlines (American Airlines, Delta , Continental) that organize flights from Europe to Mexico, with a stopover in the US. Also important airports in Acapulco and Guadalajara, as well as Cancun and Merida, in the Yucatan Peninsula, very useful for tourists staying in the Riviera Maya. Even Italy are organized charter flights to these destinations. Aeromexico is the national airline of Mexico, connecting Italy with Mexico through indirect flights. Other airlines such as Iberia, Lufthansa, Air France, KLM, organize direct flights to Mexico City, departing from European airports.

Tour of Mexico

Attractions of Mexico are very different and so there will be spoiled for choice of where to spend a vacation doing a tour of Mexico, between pristine nature reserves, beautiful beaches, antiques, a beautiful colonial architecture and colorful festivals, testimony the rich cultural traditions.

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