Milan: what to see, walking tours of places to visit
What to see in Milan following a tourist route to visit the city on foot, history and main monuments not to be missed.
Travel Guide Milan
Milan, the capital of the province and the region of Lombardy, is a city of considerable economic and financial importance, one of the world’s fashion capitals, home of most of Italian and one of the largest exhibition centers in Europe. The territory where stands Milan was inhabited since the Bronze Age, but the foundation of the city is due to the population of the Gauls-Insubri. The Romans who conquered it in 222 BC and named it Mediolanum with their rule became important military, political and economic, became the town hall, the imperial colony, and then capital of Transpadana, capital of the imperial residence and 286-402 AD.
In the Monastery of San Maurizio Maggiore in Corso Magenta are exposed, in the Section dedicated to the history of Milan from the fifth century. BC to the fifth century. AD, numerous monuments of Roman. The monastery was built on the ruins of the Roman circus and the walls massimianee, which today remains two towers (one of which is incorporated into the Church of the Monastery of San Maurizio Maggiore). Under the ruins of the circus are the remains of other Roman buildings of the first century. A plastic present in the museum, shows the current city of Milan superimposed ancient Mediolanum late Imperial, with its facilities and the main monuments.
In historical itineraries highlight the ancient city, which can be glimpsed through the few remains of the Amphitheatre in via De Amicis, the Forum in St. Sepulchre, the Imperial Palace in via Brisa and Spa wide lane of the Servants. Probably belonged to the spa the columns of San Lorenzo, located in front of the basilica of the same name, carried on the spot in the fourth century to complete the nascent basilica. In the sixth century, with the end of the Roman Empire, the city lost importance, came the Lombards, Milan became the capital of the kingdom, began building activity and artistic masters comacini, it encouraged the manufacture of wool, and was introduced religion Catholic as the state religion.
At the end of the eighth century, began with the Carolingian rule, the city grew in importance, was the seat of an Imperial Count and a bishop. From the eleventh century this local power was strengthened and became separated from the central government, to become a free city. Symbol of independence purchased was the construction of the Palace of Reason (1233), located in Piazza dei Mercanti. The municipal period ended with the seizure of power by the Visconti family, he held the lordship of the city from 1277 to 1447.
In 1395 it was officially formed the Duchy of Milan, and it is in this phase of history that dates the beginning of the construction of the Cathedral and the Castle. At the Visconti family, after a brief return of the Republican government, followed the Sforza family (half of the fifteenth century), which became one of the most refined courts and magnificent era, where lent their works of genius artists and architects like Donato Bramante and Leonardo da Vinci.
In Sforza was enlarged and reinforced the structure of the castle, were carried on the work of the Cathedral, were built the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie and Santa Maria presso San Satiro, in the ancient Basilica of Sant’Ambrogio was commissioned to Bramante to design the new rectory were built the Lazaretto, the first orphanage and the first free school.
Leonardo in this period, in addition to work on projects of military equipment, hydraulic engineering and architecture, he painted the portrait of Cecilia Galerani, Lady with an Ermine, the first version of the Virgin of the Rocks and the famous Last Supper, which is in the refectory of the convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie.
From 1535 to 1713, after years of fighting between the French monarchy and the Spanish which ones, in order to gain control of the Duchy, the city was subject to the Spanish monarchs. This historical phase coincided with Milan for a period of economic decline, while culturally the city was enriched thanks to the work of the cardinals of the Borromeo family, Carlo, canonized, and Federico. It must be the Cardinal Federico Borromeo founded the Biblioteca Ambrosiana.
The eighteenth century was characterized by the domination of the Habsburgs and a new development in all fields, from economy to culture, were built the Teatro alla Scala, the Royal Palace, Villa Reale and founded the Accademia di Brera. Milan in 1797, passed under French control, became the capital of the Cisalpine Republic, in this period was the construction of the ‘Civic Arena and the beginning of a new model of urban expansion with the construction of new doors and avenues.
After a return of the Habsburgs, following the fall of Napoleon, the city became part of the Savoy and then the unification of Italy. From the artistic point of view, interesting places to visit in Milan are Piazza del Duomo, the Cathedral, the Royal Palace, Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, Piazza San Babila, Piazza San Fedele, Palazzo Marino, Teatro della Scala, Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, the Palazzo reason, Piazza Cordusio, Palazzo di Brera, Brera Art Gallery, Church of San Marco, Via Manzoni, Poldi Pezzoli, Via Monte Napoleone, Bagatti Valsecchi Museum, Basilica of St. Ambrose, National Museum of Science and Technology “Leonardo da Vinci “Church S. Maria delle Grazie, in the refectory of the former convent of the Dominicans left the Church of Grace the famous painting of the Last Supper by Leonardo Da Vinci, the Sforzesco Castle and Porta Garibaldi Porta Ticinese and Porta Romana, Porta Vittoria and area Venice.
Piazza della Scala and Piazza del Duomo are connected by the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan, which also connects the two streets Silvio Pellico and Ugo Foscolo by means of two short side arms. The Gallery, where there are shops of prestigious brands, was built to a design by architect Giuseppe Mengoni in the second half of the nineteenth century using grotesque, caryatids, lunettes and pilasters, architectural elements typical of that period.
The Teatro alla Scala, one of the most famous theaters in the world, is located in Piazza della Scala, which is one of the most elegant squares of the city. Scala in Milan are held ballets, classical music concerts and opera performances with internationally renowned artists from around the world. The Duomo in Milan, with a Latin cross, is internally divided into five naves and transept with three. The presbytery is very deep and surrounded by an ambulatory with polygonal apse, where the intersection of the arms stands up, as is normally the case in this type of construction, the lantern.
All this gives the whole a strong upward thrust balanced by altrettando considerable expansion in horizontal space, with very little difference of the heights of the various aisles, a feature very common in Lombard Gothic style. The supporting structure is made of poles and walls with buttresses reinforcement. Buttresses, arches and buttresses pinnacoliI are triangular and their function is to contain the lateral forces of the arches.
The base and the internal parts of the walls are brick and the pillars have an internal core of gneiss and the sails of the time are brick. The to the exposed marble Candoglia pinkish white with gray veins is a supporting structure. The outer walls are enlivened throughout by many semipillars sum of various architectural styles, with an embroidery of arches polilobati the top surmounted by additional cusps.
The pointed arch windows have little width to not decrease the resistance of the load-bearing perimeter walls. Of marble terraces forming the roof that is supported by the double cross of times smaller. In correspondence of the pillars rise a myriad of pinnacles joined together by means of flying buttresses.