Modena: what to see in one day, attractions and monuments
What to see in Modena in a day, monuments and places to visit in the city of Emilia Romagna founded by the Etruscans in the Po valley.
Modena travel guide
Provincial capital, Modena Emilia Romagna is located in the Po Valley between the rivers Secchia and Panaro. This city was founded by the Etruscans and became a Roman colony. The city was founded around 600 BC by the Etruscans, who were the first to reclaim the marshy ground on which was built in 183 BC the ancient Mutina, rich and well-defended Roman colony, which survived until the collapse of the Roman Empire, when the floods that devastated its territory, forced the inhabitants of the city to take refuge in a nearby fortified center of Novigrad, which had been erected by the Lombards.
Under the Lordship of Bishops, between the ninth and eleventh centuries was started the reconstruction of the ruins of the former Roman nucleus and, with the assistance of the Benedictine monks of Nonantola and St. Peter, was reclaimed the land by digging a network of canals and ditches, needed to numerous factories in the area and along which formed the typical medieval urban fabric that still characterizes a part of town where the channels, which until the sixteenth century are still discovered, were gradually covered and processed in the current city streets that bear their names.
In the twelfth century with the birth of the City began the construction of the Piazza Grande, the heart of the city, overlooked by the magnificent Cathedral of 1099, the Municipal Palace and the Tower Ghirlandina of 1169, offices of civil and religious power in the time of Municipality. Until almost all the sixteenth century, the city retained its medieval appearance this.
In 1545 with Hercules II of the Este family, Lords of Ferrara who ruled on Modena for most of the period that goes from 1288 to 1796, was made a major urban extension, called precisely addition Herculean. It was in 1598, that the Este court moved there from Ferrara and Modena became the capital of the Duchy, acquiring the characteristics of the Renaissance city.
Around the core of the old castle of Este, starting from 1630, was built the Palazzo Ducale, the new seat of the court, placed between the medieval part of the City and the new quarters by straight roads of the Capital Ducale. The ring of boulevards that today embraces the center of Modena was created between 1880 and 1920, breaking down the walls of the last bastions of Este dating from the seventeenth century.
What to see in Modena in a day
Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta
And ‘the most famous monument of the city of Modena, a masterpiece of Romanesque architecture, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, along with the bell tower called the Ghirlandina and Piazza Grande. The construction of the cathedral in Modena Emilia Romagna was started in 1099 under the direction of architect Lanfranco and the sculptor Wiligelmo, who were succeeded by the Masters of Campione, workers from Champion, on Lake Lugano. The Cathedral is dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta and houses the remains of St. Geminiano, bishop and patron of Modena died in 397.
In the Palace Museum in Modena Emilia Romagna, an imposing eighteenth century building, there are several collections towns, among these the most important are the Biblioteca Estense and Galleria Estense, which houses one of the most prestigious art collections in Europe.
Church of St. Augustine
Next to the Palace Museum is the Church of St. Augustine, rebuilt in the second half of the seventeenth century. on the few remains of the previous construction
Church of St. Vincent
The Church of St. Vincent built in the seventeenth century in Modena Emilia Romagna, but with a façade dating back to 1760, is located adjacent to the former convent of the fathers Theatines, rebuilt around 1960, and now houses the Palace of Justice. Inside the church there is the funeral chapel built in 1836 by Francis IV, to put together the remains of the Dukes of Este, which until then were scattered in various churches of the city.
Church of St. Peter
The Church of St. Peter was built between 1476 and 1518, next to an ancient Benedictine abbey founded in 983. The building has an elegant façade and it houses valuable statues terracotta Antonio Begarelli.
Church of St. Francis
The Church of St. Francis is one of the oldest churches in Modena Emilia Romagna, whose construction dates back to 1244, although it was partly rebuilt in the early sixteenth century due to an earthquake.