Mongolia holidays travel guide, useful information, documents

mongolia map
mongolia map

Travel in Mongolia, things to know before you go, where it is, climate, when to go, how to get documents and in this state of Asia.

Mongolia in brief

  • Capital: Ulan Bator
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 1,565,000
  • Population: 2.756 million
  • Religion: Tibetan Buddhist majority (ca. 96%), Islam, Christian and shamanic.

Where is Mongolia

Mongolia, a country in Central Eastern Europe, bordered to the north by Russia, to the south, east and west with China. Not landlocked. Its territory consists of a system of highlands characterized largely by steppes. In the north-west of the country, the chain dell’Altaj Mongolian stretches to the south-east, from Tabyn-Bogda-Shan (4356 m) in the far south, where the flat steppe and the Gobi desert, extends to a average altitude ranging from 900 to 1500 m asl. The chain dell’Altaj Mongolian looks like a high wall, with reliefs above 4000 meters, the highest in Mongolia, with peaks covered by glaciers, predecessors of many streams. The findings of the Tannu Ola north-west, in the middle of the Eastern Sayan, the Hentej east and Hangayn Nuruu in the central north, complete the mountain system of the country.


The rivers of Mongolia only partly render to the sea, and many of them do not have a permanent water course. However, the country can count on extensive lakes and numerous rivers; among these the most important are the Selenga flowing into Lake Baikal, the Orhon, the longest river of Mongolia and tributary of the Selenga, the Onon, the Herlen flowing in eastern Mongolia and flows into Lake Hulun in China. To the northwest lies the vast depression of the great lakes (the largest lake area is the Uvs nuur).


The climate of Mongolia is continental, with very cold winters and dry summers short and relatively humid, with more rainfall in the north and center. In general, the country is affected by very high atmospheric pressures and is subject to temperature, frost dominates for seven months a year and the wind blows impetuous, especially in spring.


The population is made for the most part by Mongolian (mostly ethnic Khalkha); the remainder consists of Turks and small minorities of Chinese and Russian.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +8 hours


Khalkha Mongolian is the official language of Mongolia.


The country has vast mineral reserves (mainly copper and coal, and also lanthanides, gold, tin and tungsten) and can rely on very fine products derived from breeding like cashmere, leather and more. The economy mainly depends on these resources, but it is lacking in many areas, including the services sector and the transformation of agricultural resources; also lack the infrastructure. About half of the population lives a nomadic or semi-nomadic life.

When to go to Mongolia

The best time to visit Mongolia is from May to September.

Travel Documents

A passport valid is required for at least six months from the date of entry.
To certain nationalities Visas are not required for stays in Mongolia of up to 30 days.
All foreign nationals staying in Mongolia for longer than 30 days are required to register with the Mongolian Immigration Agency within seven days of arrival.


Calling Code:00976


Supply electricity is 230 V 50 Hz.


The tugrik or tögrög is the official currency of Mongolia.