Montepulciano: what to see in the city of noble wine
What to see in Montepulciano, places to visit including monuments and historic buildings of downtown, walking route from the big square in the palace Tarugi.
Montepulciano is a city of Tuscany in the province of Siena, is located 605 meters above sea level on top of a hill, between the Val d’Orcia and Val di Chiana, surrounded by a very pleasant landscape characterized by fields and rolling hills covered with olive groves and vineyards. Much appreciated is the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, a quality red wine produced in its territory. The origins of Montepulciano date back to the Etruscans, from the fourth century BC.
In Roman times it was the seat of an army built to defend the consular roads and experienced a first development in the Lombard period, evidenced by a document dating back to 715 Montepulciano where he was appointed as the Archbishop Politianus. As a citizen established himself permanently in the second half of the thirteenth century, but since the beginning of the century had entered in the sights of Florence and Siena, the possession of which ensured their control of Valdichiana and Val d’Orcia.
In 1390 the alliance with Florence Montepulciano marked a period of political stability, flourishing artistic and architectural and urban development that everything about 1400 until the middle of 1500. Since 1559, with the submission of Siena, Florence, Montepulciano lost in part the ‘strategic and political importance of the past and underwent a period of decline, while maintaining its prestige. However, the next government of Lorena marked for a Montepulciano economic and social recovery favored by the reclamation of the Valdichiana.
It was during the nineteenth century that Montepulciano emerged as agricultural market and place of processing of agricultural products, but since the early years of the twentieth century the production activities were moved to the valley floor where since 1884 the railroad was present. The center thus became more and more a place to house administrative offices and representation, for banks, insurance and municipal offices.
What to see in Montepulciano
High on the hill, on a slight slope is Piazza Grande, placed in the ‘400 by Michelozzo. The square is dominated by the Town Hall, while the larger side is the Cathedral and in front of it the Palazzo de ‘Nobili-Tarugi, next to the left, set back behind the late Renaissance pit de’ Griffins and the Lions, is the Palazzo del Capitano People, of Gothic, but altered several times.
The vast interior has a Latin cross with three naves on pillars, houses a good number of works of art, some of them coming from the church and other churches of Montepulciano. On the left of the building is the bell tower dating back to the previous century church. Palazzo Nobili-Tarugi, completely covered in travertine has a deep porch on the ground floor.
E ‘was attributed to Antonio da Sangallo the Elder who would design in the early decades of the sixteenth century. It ‘was the first residence by family Nobili and later the family Tarugi. Town Hall, was built in stages between the end of the fourteenth century and the first half of the fifteenth century.
Its facade clothed travertine was designed by Michelozzo and the overall structure is reminiscent of the Palazzo della Signoria in Florence. From its crenellated tower you can admire a vast and impressive view over the city, the Valdichiana and Val d’Orcia.
Church of St. Blaise, is in a beautiful location in the southwest of the old town, on a kind of natural terrace. The building is one of the most significant works of the Renaissance masterpiece by Antonio da Sangallo the Elder.