Monuments Italy’s most beautiful: what they are and where they are

st. peter basilica vatican roma
st. peter basilica vatican roma

What are the most beautiful monuments of Italy known internationally, where they are, brief history and architectural features.

List of the most beautiful monuments in Italy

Italy is a country with an extraordinary artistic heritage, has the largest number of sites included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage site, has spread throughout the historical memories to be protected and preserved. The most important monuments, identifying more our country, are located in major cities such as Rome, Venice, Florence and Naples, but in all Italian regions there are beautiful towns and cities of great architectural and artistic value. Among the best known sites and monuments stand out the Colosseum in Rome, the Basilica of St. Peter, the ruins of Pompeii, the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, the Church of Santa Croce and the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, the Basilica of San Marco and the Doge’s Palace in Venice, the Leaning Tower in Pisa, the Arena di Verona, the Royal Palace and the Valley of the Temples in Agrigento.

The Flavian Amphitheatre, known as the Colosseum, because it stood near a large bronze statue called the Colossus of Nerone, was built in the first century AD by order of the emperors of the Flavian dynasty. This extraordinary work of engineering and architecture of Roman, impressive performances took place mainly on hunting and gladiator fights, which attracted a large turnout of spectators. A building which over the centuries has suffered deterioration, abandonment and restoration, becoming in some historical periods, even material for new construction in the city of Rome. Today’s visit to the Coliseum is on two levels and offers a wide view on its interior, and through the arches, picturesque views of the city.

St. Peter’s Basilica
Built another Basilica dating from the fourth century, the Basilica of St. Peter was built in Rome by Emperor Constantine I, the place where he was buried the apostle Peter. Work on the construction of the Basilica, which is in Renaissance and Baroque style, began in 1506 and were completed in 1626, the architects who were involved in the creation of this beautiful opera followed one another in time and were overtime Donato Bramante , Raphael, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Michelangelo Buonarroti and Carlo Maderno. The magnificent square that opens in front of the Basilica was built and designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini between 1656 and 1667.

Ruins of Pompeii
The excavations, which began in the eighteenth century, show the remains of the ancient city of Pompeii, destroyed by the catastrophic eruption of Vesuvius in August 24 AD 79, when they were still ongoing renovations of the town, because of an earthquake in 62 or 63 AD That day Pompeii was buried under a blanket of lava up to three meters high, which destroyed all life, crystallizing people and things, which brought to light have become valuable evidence of the daily life of the population and the organization the Roman city, with its ancient streets, the houses, the shops, the forum, the sacred areas, the spa complex, public buildings and amphitheater. The finding of furnishings, paintings, frescoes and decorations, has allowed us to know so many details about the inhabitants of Pompeii and some of them have regained an image through the achievements of casts obtained by pouring liquid plaster into the empty spaces left by their bodies, were buried for about 18 centuries in the volcanic material.

Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower
Gothic, Renaissance and neo-Gothic building of the Florence Cathedral began in 1296 and designed by Arnolfo di Cambio, on the foundations of the ancient church of Santa Reparata. For the realization of the work, in the course of time there have been Giotto, Francesco Talenti and Giovanni di Lapo Ghini. In 1412 the new cathedral was dedicated to Santa Maria del Fiore and was consecrated on March 25, 1436, when it was completed with the dome by Brunelleschi. The façade was built in 1887 on a project by Emilio De Fabris and completed by Luigi del Moro.

Basilica of the Holy Cross in Florence
This place of worship was founded by the Franciscans in 1294 who probably passed the project on to Arnolfo di Cambio. The church, completed in 1385 and consecrated in 1443 by Pope Eugene IV, is in the Gothic style, it contains works of extraordinary beauty and tombs of artists and personalities such as Michelangelo, Machiavelli and Galileo Galilei.

Old Palace Florence
Overlooking Piazza della Signoria in Florence, it is one of the most important public buildings of medieval Italy. Built in 1299 and designed by Arnolfo di Cambio, over time the building has been gradually expanded. Its interior is home to a museum, whose visit begins from the Courtyard of Michelozzo, continues on the first floor with magnificent Salone dei Cinquecento, built by Antonio da Sangallo where he is, among other things, the Genius of Victory, marble group Michelangelo. The second floor of the museum is occupied by lavish private rooms of the Medici court, including the Chapel of Eleonora with beautiful paintings of Agnolo Bronzino. Very beautiful the Audience Hall, the Sala dei Gigli, with the original of Donatello’s Judith, and the Hall of Maps. Quarter of Mezzanine is showcasing a valuable collection of paintings and sculptures from the Middle Ages and Renaissance donated to the City of Florence by art scholar and collector Charles Loeser. The Palace is home to the City of Florence and the city council.

Leaning Tower
Located in Cathedral Square in Pisa, it is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, one of the most famous towers in the world, not so much for its elegant architecture, but for its unique tilt to one side. Work on its construction began in 1173, but they were interrupted because of land subsidence, reason why the tower is tilted. The works were made in 1275 by Giovanni di Simone and they were completed in the second half of the fourteenth century by Tommaso Pisano.

The Verona Arena
Third largest Roman amphitheater, after the Colosseum and the arena of Capua, the construction of the Arena di Verona dates back to the first century AD and, thanks to the restorations of the seventeenth century to the present, it is in a good state of preservation. The building features four rows of bows isolated, due to the collapsed wall outer ring, caused by the earthquake of 1117. Note that the Arena is equipped with perfect acoustics, so as to accommodate each year, Opera Festival.