Morocco: travel guide, information holidays

morocco map
morocco map

Morocco travel guide, things to know to organize holidays in the North African state, territory, climate, when to go.

Morocco in brief

  • Capital: Rabat
  • Surface area in sq km: 458 730
  • Population: 33,241,259
  • Religion: Muslim with minorities of Jews and Catholics

Where is Morocco

Morocco occupies the western part of North Africa and is very close to Europe. It is bordered to the south west with Mauritana, southeast with Algeria to the east and north overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, northwest and west of the Atlantic Ocean. Reliefs interior Morocco slope down to the coast and they form as a large amphitheater opened on the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. For almost the entire length of the Mediterranean coast runs the mountain range of the Rif (the coast is so high and craggy, unlike the Atlantic that is low and uniform). To the south of this chain, to the south west, running parallel to each other chains of Upper and Middle Atlas. The Rharb plain is between the Rif and the Middle Atlas. The Anti-Atlas, the southernmost chain of Morocco runs out before the Atlantic coast and it southeast slopes towards the desert region of the Sahara. The chain of the High Atlas is the highest (Tubkal m. 4165).

Hydrography

The hydrographic network of Morocco is rich enough, but all the rivers have a seasonal regime, with winter floods and lean summer. The rivers flow down from the Atlas in the Atlantic Ocean or Mediterranean Sea. The most important river is the Oum er-Rbia.

Climate

Temperate summers and mild winters are on the Atlantic coast and on the Mediterranean coast.
Within the country temperatures are influenced by the altitude. Rainfall are in the northern part of the country, as they descend southward decrease rapidly to an arid climate in the southern interior of Morocco.

Population

The population is Arab-Berber. The Berbers are the indigenous population of the country, the Arabs have come as a result of successive invasions. Among the minorities there are groups of Jews, French, Spanish and blacks descendants of former slaves.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +1 hour

Language

Arabic is the official language of Morocco.

Economy

The agricultural sector can ensure production of differentiated products such as cereals, potatoes, legumes and export products such as dates, citrus, tomatoes, olives, grapes and fruit in general. Many areas are reserved for cattle breeding sheep and goat; Also important to the fishing industry. Significant reserves of phosphates (3/4 of world reserves); the province of Khouribga houses the main mining operation in the country. The industries have developed mainly in the food, textile, chemical and parachimico (transformation of phosphate). The tourism industry is expanding in some areas of the country (Marrakesh and Agadir). However, although in recent decades have been implemented economic development programs, Morocco still faces many challenges to fight poverty and ensure a good standard of living to its people.

When you go to Morocco

Travel holidays with flights and hotels in Morocco. On the Mediterranean coast and the Atlantic coast the weather is pleasant for most of the year, the recommended period is from late May to September. To visit the southern interior of Morocco are preferred the winter months, in the summer you can reach very high temperatures. Within the country in the mountainous areas, above 1000 meters, between December and March the snow falls and it is a good time for skiing; for trekking is preferred the spring and summer.

Travel documents

– Passport valid for six months following date of entry.
– No visa required for stay up to three months for Europeans and North Americans.

Phone

Calling Code is 00212

Electricity

Supply electricity: 127/220 V 50 Hz.

Currency

The dirham is the official currency of Morocco.

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