Moscow: what see, attractions, tourist route neighborhoods
What see in Moscow, a travel guide through the story about the sights, with the itinerary of places to visit on foot, neighborhoods, river port and how to get there.
Moscow, situated on the banks of Moskva River (a subaffluente Volga) from which it takes its name, was Russia capital in the second half of the fifteenth century to 1712, the Soviet Union from 1918 until 1991 and currently the Russian Federation. Moscow village is mentioned for the first time in the chronicles of the middle of the eleventh century. After the place of the village was built a citadel of wood, which burned despite often, each time it was rebuilt in the same place, occupying an area of less than one-tenth that of the Kremlin (Kremlin means fortress, citadel or castle).
The city expanded gradually, since 1264 it became the residence of the princes of Moscow, between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries was built the first stone churches and in the fifteenth century, when the Turks subdued permanently Byzantium and Moscow bought a new policy and religious becoming the center of the Orthodox Church, was rebuilt the Kremlin.
Prince Ivan III, also known as Ivan the Great, invited Italian architects to offer their services to give splendor to the capital. Fortified structures were mady by architect Aristotle Fioravanti, was then dug a ditch so that the fortress was surrounded by water on all sides (the ditch was later buried), while the core of the fortress became the spectacular ” Cathedral Square “, with the beautiful churches that unite the Italian Renaissance, from the traditional Byzantine and Russian taste of color and pageantry.
Places to visit in Moscow
Among the main points of interest to be considered the Kremlin, whose ancient name meant “walled city”, which, surrounded by a majestic stone wall including nineteen towers, houses inside local representative, once the residence of the Tsars. Very nice also the Congress Hall where meetings were held of the Supreme Soviet of the then Soviet Union. Of historical Cathedral of the Assumption, which served as the coronation of Tsar theater, the Cathedral of the Archangel Michael and the Cathedral of the Annunciation, enriched with frescoes and icons in their interiors.
Visit also the Red Square, the neighborhood where he met artists and protesters at the time of perestroika, and Novyi Arbat characterized by many corners where you drink coffee. The St. Basil’s Cathedral is famous for its unique architecture embellished with multicolored domes while Lenin mausoleum, located under the walls of the Kremlin, is the place where he is buried Lenin. The basilica Uspensky, the Cathedral of the Dormition, was built between 1475 and 1479 by the Italian architect Aristotle Fioravanti and is the main Cathedral of Russia, where were crowned the first Tsar of Moscow and later the Russian emperors.
Archangel’skij, Archangel Michael Cathedral, was built between 1505 and 1508 by architect Italian Alevisio Lamberti from Montagnano and is building the most Italian of the Kremlin who became for a time the funeral chapel of the Czars until Peter the Great chose for this purpose the Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg. The basilica Blagovešcenskij, Annunciation’s Cathedral, is the cathedral private tsars. Cathedral Square overlooking the Palazzo Granovitij, said Palace of Facets, whose project was given by the Grand Prince Ivan, Italian architects Marco Ruffo and Pietro Antonio Solari.
The palace was used for receptions solemn czars and other celebrations. The name of the palace takes its name from the shape of the eastern facade, decorated with horizontal rows of rusticated stone, which make the faceted surface. The dominant theme of the square and around the Kremlin is the bell Ivan Veliky, which took its name from Ivan the Great, who had it built.
After the completion of the walls, the city expanded outside of them and surrounded himself with new neighborhoods. It was at this time that adjacent to the eastern wall of the Kremlin formed the main square of Moscow and All Russia, the Red Square. The “red” adjective in Russian means either the color is beautiful concept. On the square are some famous historical monuments in the world, for example, the wonderful St. Basil’s Cathedral, built between 1555 and 1561, in memory of the victory of the Russian army on Tatari and consecrated to the Virgin Maria.
His name has been linked to the Blessed Basil, who lived praying and fasting on the steps of the previous wooden church, abbattutta to make way for the new cathedral. In front of the St. Basil’s Cathedral stands the elegant Spasskaja tower, the tower of the Savior, the masterpiece of Antonio Solari and a symbol of the city. It was erected in 1491, was rebuilt in 1625 the top in late Gothic style and it was installed the famous carillon. Proceeding to the right of the tower leads to the Lenin Mausoleum. In the nineteenth century were built tunnels merchant, the current GUM, and the building of the Historical Museum.
Behind the facade of the GUM is the Kazan Cathedral, demolished in the socialist era, it was rebuilt as the original model in 1994. Among the squares surrounding the Kremlin notice the harmonious Teatral’naja Square, which overlooks the famous Teatro Bolshoi, while in the beautiful nineteenth-century street, full of neoclassical buildings, the “ulitsa Prechistenka”, you will find museums dedicated to two grains Russian writers, Pushkin and Tolstoy. At the end of the street, on the bank of the Moscow River, was rebuilt Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, the tallest Eastern Orthodox Church, demolished during the Soviet regime.
Located on the Moskva River is an important river port that, in keeping with other routes of rail, road and air, making it the hub of a large network of international transport. Thanks to the many waterways navigable port is easily accessible to ships coming from the Baltic Sea, the White Sea, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea and the Sea of Azov.