Mozambique holidays guide and useful information for travel
Travel in Mozambique, things to know before leaving for a holiday in this state of Africa, climate, documents needed, when to go and how to get there.
Mozambique in brief
- Capital: Maputo
- Surface area in sq km: 801 590
- Population: 22,416,881
- Religion: mostly Christian and indigenous cults-ca.20% Muslim.
Where is Mozambique
Mozambique is a country in East Africa. It is bordered to the north by Tanzania to the north-west by Malawi and Zambia, Zimbabwe to the west, south-west with Swaziland and South Africa, to the east by Mozambique Channel that separates it from Madagascar. Almost half of the territory consists of coastal alluvial plains and hills less than 300 meters, for the remainder, the country is flat and affected by deep fractures. The northern part is occupied by the highland region, bounded inside longitudinally, incision of the Rift Valley, where there are the Lake Malawi and the Shire River. East of Lake Malawi, rise isolated hills that reach 2419 meters in the granite massif of Namuli. The central and southern part is occupied by a vast plain that narrows at the center, in a wide valley where the river Zambezi
flows. South of the Zambezi Valley, the landscape is dominated by the wide coastal plain is interrupted by some fragments of the eastern escarpment of the highlands of Zimbabwe, among them Mount Binga (2437 meters), which is the highest peak in the country. Mozambique has well 2470 Km. Of coast, which occurs in the northern part of the country largely high, steep and engraved by deep bays. At the center of the coast is low, sandy and sometimes marshy. To the south, the coast often bordered by sand bars, is notable for its beautiful bays of Inhambane and Maputo.
Many rivers descending from the highlands of southern Africa, furrow the territory of Mozambique and flows into the Indian Ocean. The Zambezi, one of the major rivers of Africa, enters Mozambique where it forms the artificial lake (Lake Cahora Bassa), and enriched by various rivers, including the Shire and the Luangwa, crosses the country before emptying into Mozambique Channel with a large swampy delta. The other most important rivers are the Ruvuma, which marks largely the border with Tanzania, the Lurio, the Save and Limpopo. Mozambique belongs to a part of Lake Malawi.
The climate of Mozambique is tropical with seasons determined by rainfalls. The periods are divided into cool season, hot, rainy and post-rainy. The cool season is from mid-May to mid-August, and coincides with the driest period. Daytime temperatures are between 21 ° / 27 ° C and the minimum between 8 ° / 15 ° C. Between mid-August and September, the days get longer and the temperatures begin to rise, generally reaching between late October and early November (end of November in the south), maximum temperatures between 30 ° C and 36 ° C. The end of the hot season marks the beginning of the rainy season, from November to March or so, reaching its peak in January. The post-rainy season runs from early April to mid-May about. In this period the weather becomes more sweet and sunny with maximum temperatures between 25 ° C and 32 ° C.
The population of the Mozambique consists in various ethnic groups.
The largest ethnic group is Makua.
Other groups are: Swahili, Makonde, Yao, Sena, Kunda, Podzo, Nnyungwe, Chwabo, Lolo, Manyawa, Marenje, Takwane and others.
UTC/GMT +2 hours
Portuguese is the official language of Mozambique.
Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world, depends on international aid and has a high foreign debt. However in recent years there have been structural reforms that have encouraged foreign direct investment that have been used for the realization of major projects in the substantial mineral resources in the country, oil exploration, agriculture (biomass) and transport. The workforce of the country is occupied mainly in agriculture, although the arable areee are few due to the lack of adequate technical resources that would be needed to make the land productive. Therefore prevails subsistence agriculture, oriented to the cultivation of cassava, cereals and potatoes. The more profitable crops are destined for export, such as sugar cane, cotton and tea, as well as citrus fruits, bananas, and other products of the coastal strip. The industry is underdeveloped and largely concerns the manufacturing sector. Tourism, while having a lot of potential for development, is hampered by the lack of infrastructure.
When to go to Mozambique
The best time to visit Mozambique from June to September.
Passport valid for at least six months and entry visa.
Calling Code: 00258
Electricity Supply is 220 volts/50 Hz
The New Metical is the official currency of Mozambique.