Myanmar holidays tourist information and travel guide

myanmar map
myanmar map

Travel guide Myanmar with the important things to know before you organize holidays in this state in Southeast Asia.

Myanmar in brief

  • Capital: Naypyidaw
  • Surface area in sq km: 676 756
  • Population: 47,963,012
  • Religion: Theravada Buddhism (about 89%), Christianity (about 5%), Islam (about 4%), animism (1%), Hinduism (0.5%) and other (0.5%).

Where is Myanmar

Burma or Myanmar, is a state in southeastern overlooking the Bay of Bengal to the west and south-west of the Andaman Sea. It borders China to the northeast, Laos on the east, Thailand on the southeast, Bangladesh and India to the northwest. The territory of Burma includes part of the western coast of the Indochinese peninsula, and is formed in the north by a vast mountainous region; in the western part of a series of reliefs that constitute the last layers of the Himalayan system, shaped steep and high north. South pads become thinner in the chain that closes Arakan, in Cape Negrais, the Bay of Bengal. In the eastern part of the country stretches the vast Shan Plateau, arid north and rich greenery to the south, which is extended to form the southeastern region of Tenasserim, characterized by longitudinal surveys that often come down to the sea , forming high and rocky coasts. The central part of the country is occupied by a wide flat area, where a mountain range formed by low hills (Pegu Yoma), separates the lower reaches of the Irrawaddy, from that of Sittang flowing parallel.

Hydrography

The main river of Burma is the Irrawaddy, which crosses from north to south across the country, is mostly navigable and flows into the Gulf of Martaban (Andaman Sea), forming a large delta. Other major rivers run through the territory of Burma, among them the Salween, the Chindwin, the Mekong (which marks the border with Laos), the Sittang, the Twante Chaung.

Climate

The climate is tropical Burma subjected to the influence of the monsoon, with a hot summer (June to September) characterized by high rainfall, especially in the southern part of the country, and a mild winter (from December to April) and poorly rainy. Temperatures recorded modest annual excursions and on the northern range from mild to rigid, depending on the altitude.

Population

The population consists of a majority of the Burmese (about 70%). The remainder is ethnic minority groups, including the Mon, Karen, Shan, the Kachin, Kayah i, and Chin. There are also many Chinese immigrants, Pakistani, Thai and Indian.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +6:30 hours

Language

The Burmese is the official language of Burma.

Economy

Burma, despite its natural resources, is a poor country. The population is dedicated mostly to agriculture, rice is the main crop, followed by cotton, sugar cane, tobacco and other. Unfortunately there are also many crops of opium poppy, which feed the production and trafficking of drugs. Noteworthy are also the forest resources, mineral deposits, gas and oil, but the socio-economic control by the regime in power, makes it very difficult to change that would be necessary to exit the isolation.

When to go Burma

The best time to visit Myanmar is from November to February, when the season is dry.

Travel Documents

To enter Myanmar is required a passport valid for at least six months beyond the date of intended departure.
Visa for Myanmar is required.

Phone

Calling Code: 0095

Electricity

The supply electricity is 230V 50 Hz.

Currency

The official currency is the Burmese Kyat.

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