Naples: itinerary for exploring on foot the main monuments
General information and itinerary to visit on foot the ancient capital of Campania, what to see between buildings and interesting monuments of the historic center.
Naples travel guide
Naples, the capital of the province and the region of Campania, extends almost to the center of the gulf, between Vesuvius and the volcanic area of Campi Flegrei. The territory of the north western part of the city, made up of hills, valleys, terraces and valleys, resting on a common base of tuff Neapolitan, constitute an environmental resource very important to the urban center of Naples. This area along with the large center area, counted the sites unesco as World Heritage, is one of the most prestigious areas of the city.
Naples is one of the oldest cities in Europe, its urban layout, its historic buildings testify to its long and rich history of events. The city has two original nuclei, the first called Parthenope is located at Pizzofalcone, was founded in 800 BC by a group of surfers Rhodians and then was expanded and inhabited by Greeks of Cuma from 680 BC (this area are few remains).
The second is located a few kilometers away from the first, was called Neapolis (new city), its structure inspired by the fundamentals of urban Athenian has been preserved to this day as the current downtown Naples overlapped precisely the town layout of this ancient city (Neapolis).
Therefore a visit to this part of the city can appreciate monuments dating from different periods, located a short distance from each other. There are outdoor and underground excavations with Roman and Greek ruins, catacombs, statues and bas-reliefs, and friezes monumental obelisks, churches and monasteries, convents, castles, palaces and buildings, fountains, museums and the famous streets of the crib.
Naples route on foot
To mention a few, coming to Naples from the sea the first monument we meet is the Angevin or New Castle, which is located on Town Hall Square. The castle was built by the Angevins in the thirteenth century, was completely rebuilt in its present form by the Aragonese in the fifteenth century and later renovated by the Bourbons.
On the waterfront stands Castel dell’Ovo, which stands on the islet of Megaride, landing point that hosted the first inhabited city. The origin of the castle dates from the twelfth century, successive enlargements were carried out by the Normans and Angevins.
Piazza del Plebiscito
Piazza del Plebiscito overlooking the majestic Royal Palace which was built in 1600, designed by Domenico Fontana, the Spanish viceroy of the Kingdom of Naples. The palace became the residence of the Spanish viceroys, those Austrians, the Bourbon monarchs during the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and then was one of the residences of the royal house of Savoy. Today is destined to various functions and is open to the public. On the north side of the Royal Palace is the prestigious Teatro San Carlo, which communicates with the Palace through a door located behind the Royal Box. And ‘the opera house in the city of Naples, one of the largest in Europe, was built to a design by Giovanni Antonio Medrano, by Charles I of Bourbon in 1737. A fire in 1816 caused severe damage, and the theater was rebuilt by Niccolini .
Galleria Umberto I
In front of the Teatro San Carlo opens one of the four entrances to the Galleria Umberto I. The gallery was opened in 1892 and became in the late 1800s and early 1900s the artistic and festive city. Even today it is a large and elegant venue, with nice shops.
Catacombs of San Gennaro
Near the church dell’Incoronata Capodimonte is the entrance to the catacombs of San Gennaro. Ancient underground cemeteries dating back to the second century which are made up of two non-overlapping levels. In the fifth century there were transferred the relics of San Gennaro (today in the Cathedral).