New Delhi what to see, the monuments of capital of India
What to see in New Delhi, journey to discover this city of India by the great artistic heritage, shrines, temples and museums to visit.
New Delhi travel guide
Delhi is a city by the jarring juxtapositions: the extreme wealth and the extraordinary beauty often contrasted with poverty and pollution, modern shopping malls clash with street vendors and countless medieval bazaar. The visitor’s first impression is that of a total chaos, with road traffic out of control that seems to put at risk the lives of pedestrians and the annoying sound of car horns.
Gradually, however, you can settle in and then everything takes on the sense of Indian life, with a wide range of sights and sensations to absorb. There are monuments, mosques, impressive colonial architecture, museums brilliant, excellent restaurants and many bazaars, markets and shops.
What to visit in New Delhi
The colossal Akshardham Temple, located on the edge of the city, is built in pink sandstone with marble inserts. Incorporates an interesting mixture of styles including traditional Indian Mughal, Orissa, Rajasthan and Gujarat. The soaring domes, pillars finely crafted and over 20,000 sculptures depicting various deities are the main attractions of this temple.
Baha’i House of Worship
Best known as the Lotus Temple, the beautiful Baha’i House of Worship was designed by the Iranian-Canadian Fariburz Sahba in 1986 as a tribute to the lotus flower, a flower considered divine by many Eastern religions. Large white petals of marble, which open by nine pools and walkways in the shape of a lotus, symbolizing the nine spiritual paths of the Baha’i faith. Inside, the central hall rises to a height of over 30 meters.
Birla House is the place where Mahatma Gandhi was killed by a Hindu extremist January 30, 1948. The house is now a poignant shrine dedicated to the Father of the Nation, with an indoor museum that contains a collection of photographs and paintings depicting the life of Gandhi. Gandhi’s personal items are on display in his bedroom where are also mentioned the latest steps taken before death. A small pavilion, known as the Martyrs’ Column, marks the exact spot where he died.
This tomb is an outstanding example of Mughal architecture. Built in the mid 16th century, the tomb reflects the traditional Persian style, a squat building with high arches at the entrance and a domed roof terminating in a tip. The tomb is located in 12 acres of gardens designed in the Persian style, then shaded and geometric, crossed by rivers and trails. There are other smaller tombs, including that of the emperor’s favorite barber.
Is the largest mosque in India and is one of the masterpieces of Shah Jahan. Construction began in 1644 but was not completed until 1658. There are three doors, four towers and two of red sandstone and white striped marble with minarets. Visitors who climb the 122 narrow steps to reach the top of the minaret Southern will be rewarded by the magnificent views that you submit to them.
Built by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan manufacturer between 1638 and 1648, the Red Fort in Delhi is the peak power of the Mughal dynasty. The main gate of the fort, the Lahore Gate, so called because it faces towards Lahore, which is now part of Pakistan, has been a powerful symbol of the struggle for independence. Is still used today as a background to the speech of the prime minister of the nation on Independence Day which falls on August 15 of each year.
National Gallery of Modern Art
Located in the palace Maharaja of Jaipur, the National Gallery of Modern Art in Delhi contains an extensive collection of works of contemporary Indian art with works by Husain, one of the leading contemporary artists. There are also works of Renaissance painters Bengali and paintings of the 19th and 20th century British artists Thomas Daniell and his nephew William. There is also a reference library of art on site. Regular special exhibitions take place in the gallery.
In National Museum in Delhi is represented a large part of Indian culture. Archaeological remains, carved pillars, Tibetan manuscripts, musical instruments, clothing, tapestries, ornaments and weapons.
National Rail Museum
Dedicated to the extraordinary history of the railway system in the world’s largest, the National Rail Museum in Delhi reflects the social and historical importance of what actually has joined India in one nation. This excellent museum houses 30 old trains and carriages, including a 1855 steam engine and carriages sumptuous that belonged to great men British and Indians.
The crumbling remains of Purana Qila are considered as the sixth city of Delhi and represent a brief interruption in the history of Mughal Delhi, when the Afghan ruler Sher Shah defeated the emperor Humayun. Among the buildings still standing, the Mosque of Sher Shah and Sher Mandal, which is used as an observatory octagonal library. The north gate Talaqi-Darwaza, partly rebuilt, is a terrific example of the fortifications built in the heyday.
The complex of Qutb Minar is home to the oldest Islamic monuments in India. Built in the late 12th century to commemorate the Muslim conquest of Delhi, the Qutb Minar is a large tower that rises 72 m high. At his feet is the Quwwat ul Islam Masjid, the first mosque built in India in 1193.
Rashtrapati Bhavan and Rajpath
Rajpath is the great approach to Lutyen Delhi. At the western stands Rashtrapati Bhavan, the President’s House, a huge palace originally built as the residence of the Viceroy, but now the official seat of the President of India. Witness the changing of the guard in the square that takes place every Saturday morning. Neighbors Mughal gardens are open to the public on certain days during the months of February and March. At the eastern end is the India Gate, a popular picnic spot frequented by the people during the warm balmy evenings and weekends.
Things to Do in New Delhi
Located in the neighboring state of Haryana, the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary is a park situtato about 47 km from Delhi. Home to about 250 species, the small lake and marshes can be visited in the period between November and March, when you can observe 100 kinds of migratory birds.
To the south-west of Agra and a few hours by car or train from Delhi, the Ranthambore National Park offers the opportunity to see the elusive tiger, along with other great wildlife including leopards, hyenas, crocodiles, snakes and more.
In New Delhi, there are several golf courses, many of which offer courses for visitors.
Paragliding and other sports
It’s possible organize a trip to try the experience of paragliding in Kanwar Shikna in the neighboring state of Haryana, and other sports such as hang gliding and ballooning available in various locations.