New Zealand guide, useful information for the journey

new-zealand map
new-zealand map

New Zealand travel guide, things to know to organize holidays in the archipelago of Oceania in the Pacific Ocean.

Information New Zealand

  • Capital: Wellington
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 267.844
  • Population: 4.248.572
  • Religion: the largest group is Protestant, followed by the Catholic.

Where is New Zealand

New Zealand is a state of Oceania and an archipelago located in the South Pacific.

Geography and territory

New Zealand archipelago consists of two main islands, North Island and South Island are separated by the Cook Strait and numerous smaller islands: Stewart, the third largest island, Chatham, Kermadec, Three Kings, Auckland, Campbell, islands of Antipodes, Bounty, Snares, Solander. The island’s north, the smaller and more populated than the south island, in the central part island is occupied by a plateau full of volcanoes, geysers, hot springs, fumaroles and sulfur mines. The highest volcano, still active, of the North Island is the Ruapehu, m. 2797. The South Island, mostly uninhabited, is crossed along the west coast from the Alps New Zealanders, whose highest peak is Mount Cook, with its 3764 m. On these findings are suggestive glaciers that come down almost to the sea making its way among the forests. There are numerous protected areas as a national park. On the eastern side, the Alps slope gently down to the coastal plains of Canterbury.


The waterways of New Zealand are numerous, short and high flow. The Waikato River is the longest, flows out of Lake Taupo and empties into the Tasman Sea, crossing one of the most fertile and economically important region of the North Island. Lake Taupo volcanic origin, is the largest in the country, the surrounding area is the center of the ancient culture of the indigenous Maori.
South New Zealand the longest river is Clutha.


In New Zealand the warmest month is January and the coldest month is July. Climate is temperate-oceanic; the heat is not stifling and the cold is not rigid, often blowing wind and the weather changes rapidly. Rainfall is abundant, especially on the western slopes of the mountains, while the eastern side, in the South Island, is drier. The island’s north and warmer than the South Island, as being in the southern hemisphere, the temperature decreases to the southeast.


The majority of the population of New Zealand is of European origin (about 83%), especially British; the remainder consists by the people who lived in these islands origin, the Maori (about 9%) and minorities from other islands in the Pacific and Asia.

Time Zone

UTC/GMT +12 hours
During Daylight Saving Time UTC/GMT +13 hours


English, Māori, New Zealand Sign are official languages of New Zealand.


New Zealand economy is very open and competitive on the global market. The activities of the country are linked largely export of products from agriculture, sheep and cattle, fishing, forestry. Two-thirds of the GDP comes from the services sector, which includes trade, transport, communications, finance, software, scientific services, education. A very important is the tourism sector. The country also has significant energy sources, geothermal energy, natural gas fields and hydroelectric power plants.

When you go in New Zealand

The best time to visit New Zealand is during the austral summer.

Travel documents

To enter in New Zealand you must have a passport valid for at least three months past the date that you intend to leave in the country.
Not everyone needs a visa to enter New Zealand.


Calling Code is 0064


Supply electricity 230 V 50 Hz


New Zealand dollar is the official currency of New Zealand.