Norway holidays guide, travel and tourism information
Guide Norway, things to know to better organize your holidays in this state of Northern Europe.
Norway in short
- Capital: Oslo
- Surface area in sq km: 323 878
- Population: 4.63 million
- Religion: Protestant
Where is Norway
Norway is a country in North located in the north-western part of Scandinavia with the capital Oslo. Faces north on the Arctic Ocean and the Barents Sea, west of the Atlantic Ocean (Norwegian Sea), south of the North Sea (Skagerrak), to the east it borders with Sweden, Finland and Russia. Are among the possessions of Norway the archipelago of Svalbard, the volcanic island of Jan Mayen, Bouvet Island and Peter Island. Norway is crossed by the Arctic Circle, is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the south by the Skagerrak (North Sea), on the west by the Norwegian Sea, to the east with Sweden, northeast by Russia and Finland .
Territory of Norway
Norway is divided into five natural regions of Western Norway, Ostlandet, Trondelag, Norway and North Sorlandet or southern region. The territory is mostly mountainous with some plains along the southern coast, the coasts are high and jagged with presence of fjords. The coasts have faced numerous islands, grouped in the two archipelagos of Lofoten and Vesteralen. In the Barents Sea are the islands of Svalbard. North Norway is the region crossed by fjords, also known as the land of the midnight sun. The Norwegian river of greater importance is the glama going to result in the Oslo fjord while the lakes are numerous but small. In the northern part of Norway, above the Arctic Circle, you can observe the natural phenomena of the midnight sun (in summer) and the Northern Lights (in winter), also in this area is the place to the north of across Europe, the famous North Cape. Norway offers visitors beautiful and evocative landscapes.
The rivers are full of water and rather short and steep. The longest river is the Glomma, which flows into the Oslo fjord. Among the numerous waterfalls, the highest are: Kjelfossen and Sondre Mardalsfoss. The largest lake is Mjosa.
The climate of Norway is relatively mild thanks to the influence of the Gulf Stream. Rainfall is abundant on the coast, while inland decrease. The latitude where is this country (it is crossed by the Arctic Circle) incur very long summer days, with many hours of sunshine, and a very short winter days, with a few hours of sunshine. Temperatures are on average below zero in winter and in summer never exceed 20 degrees. The climate of Norway, compared to the other countries on the same latitude, is pleasant. The spring (May to mid-June) is the most spectacular period of the year, with the awakening of nature after the long winter, the weather can be very variable, you can quickly jump from cold to hot and vice versa. The summer (from late June to early August) is the hottest period and the days are long. During the month of September, temperatures begin to decline gradually up to, during the winter, at very low temperatures in the inner areas and east of the country, while on the coast winters are not cold.
Population of Norway
And formed almost exclusively by Norwegians, the population density is low and many areas are uninhabited. The northern part of the country is inhabited by a minority of Sami, who have their own culture and their own language.
Time zone Norway
Norway is the same time Italian throughout the year.
The official language is Norwegian that actually hides the existence of two languages spoken in the group Germanic: the riksmal or Bokmål (state language) and landsmal or Nynorsk (new Norwegian language peasant). The Bokmål (the most widespread language) is derived by the inclusion in the Danish, the successor to the Old Norse in the fourteenth century., Morphological and lexical elements of Norwegian. The landsmal born instead to work I.Aasen, from the synthesis of the West Norwegian dialects. However, it is very common English.
As with the majority of Western countries the tertiary sector of the Norwegian economy has consolidated over the years, occupying a large part of the population. The industry can rely on abundant hydroelectric sources that are used for the production of metals, minerals, chemicals and petrochemicals in addition to paper and pulp derived from the rich forests of this country; timber (raw materials and semi-finished), fish, minerals and especially oil are the products that have increased export. In fact, Norway is Europe’s leading producer of oil and natural gas, thanks to rich deposits discovered in the North Sea. Norway is one of the richest countries of Western Europe, having, its poor population a very high purchasing power.
When you go to Norway
The summer months are the best to visit Norway, and you can watch the midnight sun (especially in the northern part of the country). In winter the days are dark and cold. In the northern part of the Northern Lights occur phenomena (the night sky clears, as appropriate, with a light that varies in color, in time and space).
Documents required travel Norway
Italian citizens to enter Norway must be a valid identity card or passport for foreign travel.
To phone in Norway must dial 0047 followed by the area code without 0 and the desired number.
The electric current is 220 volts.
Money and credit cards
The official currency of Norway is the Norwegian krone.