Oceania: guide and useful travel holiday tourism
Oceania travel guide, things to know to organize trips and vacations in the continent surrounded by oceans.
Oceania in brief
- Number of components were: 32
- Surface area in square kilometers: 8.939.562
- Population: 31.690.OOO
Oceania is the name used because the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean along with the adjacent seas encompass the lands of this region.
The Oceania comprises the continent of Australia (with Tasmania), New Zealand, New Guinea and numerous islands and archipelagos of the Pacific Ocean grouped by convention in Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. The Oceania has a varied landscape, from forests to mountain ranges with many paradise islands that dot the surrounding temperate waters. Because of the different geological features, there are some islands where the animal and plant species are characterized by a certain uniqueness.
Most of the islands included in the intertropical region enjoys a uniform climate, with heavy rainfall and temperatures mitigated by winds (winds, monsoons, trade winds). New Zealand and the south east coast of Australia have a temperate climate. Australian interior regions are characterized by a continental climate with high temperature and low rainfall per year.
The hydrographic network is underdeveloped even if there are major rivers in Australia (Murray-Darling), in Tasmania, New Guinea, and New Zealand. The Eyre is the most important lake and is located in the lowlands north of the Great Australian Bight.
Vegetation in Oceania assumes exclusive characters as favored oceanic isolation. They are: tropical forests and savannas arboreal with pines, eucalyptus and steppe formations in bushes. In New Zealand there are temperate forests. Coral atolls in the vegetation consists of palm trees.
In Oceania are characteristic species of marsupials, monotremes and primitive birds.