Palermo route two days, the main attractions to see
What to see in Palermo, attractions and places to visit in two days in the capital of Sicily, route from the Cathedral to the Royal Palace.
Attractions in Palermo
Lying along the homonymous gulf, in the northwestern part of the Conca d’oro, a plain between the mountains and the Tyrrhenian Sea, is located in Palermo, the capital and the beautiful city of Sicily, inhabited by various peoples throughout history. In Palermo every civilization of the past is well represented by his art, in fact we can admire masterpieces of art Arab, Norman, Renaissance, Baroque, Art Nouveau and other. Although most of the monuments of Palermo are located within the old town, outside of it are located, historic villas, watch towers, rock carvings, traps, ancient palaces and churches.
Numerous monuments dating back to the Norman period, starting from the magnificent cathedral, whose construction dates back to 1185 was commissioned by Archbishop Gualtiero Offamilio, and was consecrated to the Virgin. The great architectural complex is the result of a combination of different styles, due to the various stages of construction. In the Royal Palace, now known as the Norman Palace, the seat of the Regional Assembly, is located on the first floor the famous Palatine Chapel, built in 1132 by Roger II.
The Chapel is a very high example of Sicilian culture during the Norman rule. In fact it was the Norman kings who transformed the previous building Arabic, located in the highest part of the city, in their palace.
Examples of Norman architecture are the Church of St. John of the Hermits, which with its characteristic red domes may seem a Christian church and a mosque in the same time, the St. Mary’s Church, known as the Martorana with the precious decoration mosaic pure Byzantine style, the church of St. John of the Lepers, the Basilica La Mansion, also known as the church of the Holy Trinity, the Church of San Cataldo, located near the church of the Martorana.
Places to visit in Palermo
During the Angevin and Aragonese developed the architectural style of the Gothic. Belong to this period the Church of Saint Francis of Assisi (the inside shows reconstructions of the Baroque period), the Church of the Gancia, the Church of St. Augustine, the Church of St. Mary of the Pang, which now houses exhibitions and events, the Santa Maria La Nova and Santa Maria della Catena.
During the Aragonese were built also valuable palaces, like Palazzo Sclafani, Palazzo Chiaramonte, Abatellis Palace, called Palazzo Patella, inside houses the Regional Gallery, Palazzo Ajutamicristo, characterized by very opulent interior. Are ‘s Baroque period other churches in the city, such as the Church of St. Joseph Theatine, the Church of the Holy Saviour, the Church of St. Catherine, the Church of Jesus or Professed House, the Church of Santa Teresa in the district of Kalsa, of facing the Foro Italico, the Church of San Domenico, the new Gallery of Modern Art Sant’Anna, housed in the former Franciscan monastery in the Baroque era.
At this period are some accommodations zoning of the city, such as Piazza Vigliena or Quattro Canti and Piazza Pretoria, with its iconic fountain. Do not forget some noble residences as Palazzo Branciforte of Butera, Prince’s Palace of Mirto, Palazzo Valguarnera-Gangi, where the ballroom Rococo Sicily, famous for hosting the famous ballroom scene in the film The Leopard by Luchino Visconti.
The beautiful baroque Villas are located in Bagheria, near Palermo. In the early twentieth century it spread the art Libery and were built many villas and public buildings, particularly at this very creative period date back the middle-class residences in the village of Mondello, who will become the most famous beach in Palermo.