Paris: history and urban development from Roman times to the present day
From the history and evolution of Paris over the centuries to better understand the city today, romantic and full of charm.
History of Paris
When the Romans settled in Paris a just settlement and called Lutetia Parisiorum, in a bend of the Seine, in the area for many centuries were allocated Celtic tribes, the Parisi. So it was that Lutetia, the ancient name of Paris, became a Roman city and expanded on the left bank of the Seine, the Left Bank. Roman era, today, we have received some witnesses, the remains of the arena and the ruins of a temple dedicated to the sailors, found in the construction of the cathedral of Notre Dame and then transported to the Hotel de Cluny.
Also were found many remains of houses in the Sorbonne. Other Roman monuments present in Paris are an aqueduct of 15 kilometers and the famous Terme Hotel de Cluny, on the Left Bank. Around 300 Christianization got deeply rooted in the people and the city was called Paris, taking the name from his people.
In the fifth century, the Roman civilization was transformed into a Roman-barbarian civilization, since the city came under the power of the Merovingian Franks, so it was that Paris was able to survive the Middle Ages, between famine and repeated destruction caused by the Normans.
Finally in the tenth century there were some changes that allowed a revival of the city of Paris with the formation of a new civilization around the Christian institutions and the beginning of the power of the Capetian dynasty. The Right Bank was urbanized, arose the Slaughterhouse and markets, while on the Left Bank were born the first cultural centers and schools of theology, in the place where he still is the cultural center of Paris.
The city extended and developed new suburbs, such as Saint Lazare. Especially in the twelfth or thirteenth century, with the arrival in power of Philip Augustus, there were big improvements for Paris, began the construction of the cathedral of Notre Dame, was enlarged the old church of Saint-Etienne-le Vieux, was built first wall was erected the tower of the Louvre, were reconfirmed the rights of corporations and in 1200 was born the University of Paris, which attracted students and teachers from all over Europe.
During the following years, under Louis IX, known as the Saint, was built the Sainte Chapelle and a college that later became the famous Sorbonne university in Paris. With the Hundred Years War, the British occupation, the economic crisis, the Black Death of 1348, the city of Paris underwent many ruins.
In 1437, Charles VII was able to return to Paris and since then the city’s history is intertwined with the history of France. Paris offers many things to see, evidence of its rich and fascinating history, such as the cathedral of Notre Dame, the Champs Elysees, the Arc De Triomphe, the hill of Montmartre with the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, the Eiffel Tower, symbol of Paris , the Opera Garnier, the complex of Les Invalides, the Louvre, the Orsay Museum, the Picasso Museum and the Centre Pompidou.