Parma: what to see, itinerary cathedral Charterhouse Paradigna
What to see in Parma, the main attractions and monuments, itinerary of attractions, from the cathedral to the ducal palace, visit the Charterhouse of Parma.
Parma capital of the province, is located in Emilia Romagna, between the Apennines and the Po Valley, in a land known for its vibrant culture and its culinary delights. The city was the ancient capital of the Duchy of Parma Marie Louise of Austria, the province of Lower Valley told by Guareschi and the birthplace of Giuseppe Verdi and Arturo Toscanini.
Visit the historic center of this city is a very pleasant experience, recommended route is the one that begins the visit from Piazza Duomo, overlooked by the buildings of the Cathedral, the Baptistery and the Bishop’s Palace. Near the Cathedral is the monastery of San Giovanni Evangelista, including the Church, the Convent and the Ancient Benedictine Apothecary.
Continuing the journey will take you to the Church of Our Lady of the Renaissance Steccata, with a cycle of frescoes of Mazzola, and the Palazzo della Pilotta. Must see the Palazzo Ducale with the huge park that surrounds him and, a few km from the center, the Charterhouse of Paradigna. As for the gastronomic aspect, Parma excels with food of high quality, including Parmigiano Reggiano and Prosciutto, is seat of the European Food Safety Authority.
Cathedral of Parma: the cathedral dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta is the main place of Catholic worship, located in Piazza Duomo, near the Baptistery and the Bishop’s Palace.
San Giovanni Evangelista is a complex order of St. Benedict placed in the center of Parma, including the church, monastery and apothecary.
Basilica of Santa Maria della Steccata: is a shrine dedicated to the Virgin Mary, dates back to the sixteenth century, is governed by the order Constantinian.
Pilotta Palace is an architectural gem located in the historic center, whose name comes from the game of pelota, which was practiced by the Spanish soldiers in the courtyard of Pelota, today the courtyard of Guazzatoio. It consists of several buildings connected by courtyards, including the National Archaeological Museum, Art Institute Paolo Toschi, Palatine Library, Bodoni Museum, Teatro Farnese and the National Gallery of Parma.
Palazzo Ducale is a majestic palace of 1561, designed by Vignola behest of Ottavio Farnese. What you see today is the result of later alterations, which led to the dismantling of a large scale with two ramps at the sides of the cave as the central ornament of the entrance to the building. Inside are works of art by Cesare Baglioni on the ground floor, climbing the staircase of the eighteenth century, we come to the hall of the birds, which are reproduced in the stucco and frescoes over 200 species of birds, to admire all our other rooms beautifully frescoed.
Certosa di Paradigna: placed in locality S. Martino de Bocci-Valserena, is an ancient monastery desecrated currently belonging to the university. The Charterhouse of Parma, built in the fourteenth century by artists of the Benedictine order, is a valuable example of Cistercian architecture that sees the apses of square shape, three naves with a predominance of the middle one on the side, including square chapels in the transept. The monument has been changed several times during the various epochs, the current facade and windows are some of 1700, on the right side you can see the ruins of the fifteenth century.