Pelagie: what are the islands of archipelago
The archipelago of the Pelagie is located in the Mediterranean Sea, between Tunisia and the Sicilian ones, and is formed by the islands Lampedusa, Linosa and Lampione. From the geological point of view the island of Lampedusa and the islet of Streetlight are part of the African continental plate and have a natural limestone dolomite, while Linosa belongs to Europe and has a volcanic nature. The archipelago is part of the Marine Reserve Pelagie Islands.
What are the Pelagie Islands
– Lampedusa is more ‘closer to Africa than to Sicily and is presented as a rather barren and rocky plateau, whose highest peak coincides with the hill Tree Sun of 133 meters above sea level, great vantage point located on the north west of the island. The surface of the plateau slopes gently from northwest to southeast. The north and north western-stands for the fascinating rock walls and continuous, rich in natural caves and ravines, in front of which emerge the rocks of Sacramento and Sailing.
The south coast and south east is more ‘low and more’ lively, and alternates between steep cliffs in deep coves ending with lovely sandy beaches. Very beautiful creeks that run along this coast: Cala Chick, beautiful white sand beach reachable by boat or on foot down a difficult path of the cliff, beach of rabbits, the famous beach where loggerhead turtles deposit their eggs every year , is a protected area which also includes the neighboring island of Rabbits.
Bay Tabaccara, wide and picturesque bay from the beautiful turquoise sea, Cala Galera, beach located in a deep and narrow inlet that continues in the interior with a valley where there are mulberry trees, fig trees, among the characteristic dry stone walls Cala Madonna, the beach where the sea is very beautiful backdrops. The beach is named after the shrine dedicated to Our Lady of Porto Salvo located in the interior valley.
On the island there are the typical stone building called Dammusi, built in the second half ‘of the nineteenth century, after the colonization by Ferdinand II of Bourbon. Northwest of Lampedusa is Streetlight, an uninhabited island and without vegetation surrounded by clear waters, where stands a lighthouse, reached by boat in about an hour navigation sailing from Lampedusa.
– Linosa, of volcanic origin, is made up of ancient craters and volcanic cones extinct. At the center of the island is the main crater, La Fossa Chaplain, bordered by the three cones of Mount Vulcan, m. 195, Monte Rosso, 186 m., Black Mountain, 107 m. with its slopes another small crater. In the only town on the island there is’ a small harbor. Typical houses, with flat roofs, are white or colored with the doors and windows bordered by strips of contrasting color.
The landscape, almost all year round greenery and flowers, is enriched by the typical Mediterranean and the vineyards and especially capers present in quantity ‘considerable island. On the beach of pozzolana loggerhead turtles lay their eggs, and a recovery center turtles entangled in nets or on the hooks are treated and then released to their natural environment.