Peneda Geres: visit the national park of Portugal
Visit Peneda Geres, where it is, history, how to explore the territory of the park, hike among ancient mountains, waterfalls and villages.
Guide Peneda Geres
The national park of Peneda Geres is located in the northern part of Portugal, between the provinces of Minho and Tras-os-Montes, in the districts of Viana do Castelo, Braga, and Vila Real. It was founded in 1971 and covers an area of about 70,000 hectares and is the largest nature reserve of the state, the only one to be considered National Park.
In the territory of the park there are mountains of very ancient origin, of which the most important are the mountain Snowy and Dos Cabroes Altar, both altitude of around 1545 meters and located near the border with Spain.
The tops are beautiful granite massifs. There are many spectacular waterfalls and rivers, also in the subsoil are important resources including gold, tin and tungsten. The presence of human inhabitants is currently low, there are only a few small villages and farmland outbuildings with characteristic houses built using granite mountains and straw to cover the roof. Some ancient settlements are witnessed by some excavations archeolgici made recently, they have unearthed the remains of prehistoric and Roman.
– Flora: thanks to abundant rainfall and mild climate, vegetation is diverse and luxuriant. Among the most common species are, according to the different altitudes, olives, grapes and oranges as well as forests of pines and oaks.
– Fauna: it is not difficult to meet wolves, eagles bream, deer, wild boar and otters, as well as wild cats, red squirrels and owls. No shortage of reptiles including snakes, vipers and frogs and a particular species of miniature horse, the Garrano.
– Archaeological sites: artifacts unearthed after the excavations carried out, evidence of human presence in these places of Portugal since ancient times.
– Waterfalls: among the most visited places in the fall located near the border of Portela do Homem and the pretty village of Vilarinho das Furnas.