Peru: guide and useful for the journey
Peru travel guide with all the things to know to organize holidays in this state of South America bathed by the Pacific Ocean.
- Capital: Lima
- Surface area in square kilometers: 1285216
- Population: 28,302,603 (first half 2006)
- Religion: Majority Catholic, Protestant minority and other religions.
Where is Peru
Peru is bordered to the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil and Bolivia, on the south by Chile; west is wet from the Pacific Ocean. E ‘by extension the third country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina. And ‘format, proceeding from west to east, three distinct regions: the Coast, Sierra and Selva (or Montana). The Coast is an area with little vegetation, except for the valleys where the rivers that go to culminate in the Pacific Ocean; is in this strip of territory that are the major population centers of Peru. The Sierra is the region of the Andes, and is formed by high mountains, such as the summit dell’Huascaràn (m. 6768). It ‘an area prone to seismic and volcanic events. On the southeastern side of the Sierra, on the border with Bolivia, is Lake Titicaca at 3,800 meters high. La Selva is the largest region of the country, covered by a tropical forest and crossed by large rivers; begins where the chain of the Cordillera Oriental descends to the plains of the Amazon, to the border with Brazil.
The main rivers of Peru (Marañón, Napo, Huallaga, Ucayali), bestow the Atlantic Ocean via the Amazon; born on the Andean chain, slide longitudinally until, through the side gates, follow their course eastward. The Maranon and Ucayali rivers join near the city of Iquitos and give life to the Amazon. The rivers that flow into the Pacific Ocean steep slide towards it; their waters are used to irrigate the surrounding land. On the border between Peru and Bolivia to 3800 m. above sea level, is wrapped in a very picturesque setting, the Lake Titicaca.
Climate of Peru
The climate of Peru reflects its geographical position and morphological. Bearing in mind that the seasons are reversed compared to ours, we can make some distinctions.
– The climate of the coast is influenced by the cold Humboldt current (which comes from the Pacific Ocean) and the presence of the Cordillera of the Andes. In winter (April to October), this region is enveloped in a fog called garua, which makes the air very humid even if the rains are absent, and the climate is dry. The summer period (November-March) coincides with the rainy season. The northern coast of the country has a warmer climate than the southern.
– In the Andean region from April to October, the dry season, while from November to March is the rainy season. A feature of these areas is the strong temperature between day and night.
-In Selva the weather is very hot and humid (apart from the higher areas, which have a subtropical climate-tempered), the rains are plentiful, especially in the period between November and March.
The population of Peru is composed of a majority of the Quechua, who live in the Andes (were the main core of the Inca Empire) and mestizos. There are also: Creoles, whites, Aymara (populations of the Andes) and a minority of Amazonian Indians.
Peru Time Zone
In Peru must move the clock back six hours, compared to Italy. (When in Italy there is daylight saving time, seven hours back).
Language spoken in Peru
The official languages of Peru are Spanish and Quechua. In the southern regions (Lake Titicaca) discussed the Aymara.
Economy of Peru
Peru has to face many challenges, economic and social policies to boost economic development and reduce poverty and social differences inside of his people. The major activities of the country, which are the main areas of the Peruvian economy and contributing most export the mining sector, with resources of silver, tin, lead, zinc, copper, gold, and the fishing industry, with various activities including crops of shrimp, oysters, shells fan and production of fish meal. Also significant is the agro-industrial sector (products mainly come from irrigated agriculture practiced on the coast: coffee, sugar cane, cotton, fruit, vegetables, citrus fruits, cereals and potatoes). The textile sector stands out for the working capacity of the Peruvians and the quality of the raw material, in fact there are many sheep farms llamas, alpacas, which provide a very fine wool. The history, culture and natural beauty of the country promote the tourism sector.
When you go Peru
To go in the Andes and to visit the archaeological sites, wanting to avoid the rainy season (although in the Amazon rain throughout the year) are preferred the months from May to mid-September. In the Andes, the day the temperature is warm all year round, but at night it drops considerably. On the coast the preferred months are from December to March (summer season), the climate of the day is warm temperate and cool at night. During the other months of the coast is almost always shrouded in mist.
Documents required for travel in Peru
To enter Peru require a passport valid. Up to 90 days of stay does not need a visa. Upon arrival in Peru must be delivered to the Office for Migration, the International Charter of embarkation and disembarkation (Tarjeta Internacional de Embarque Desembarque y), received by plane or migration office of the border area of origin. This paper should be stored and returned upon departure.
– The international code for calls to Peru is: 0051
Spread the internet point, offering connections to the Internet at an affordable price.
The electric current is 220 volts.
Money and credit cards Peru
The official currency of Peru is the Nuevo Sol. All major credit cards are accepted in the centers and in major hotels. And ‘possible to make ATM withdrawals in most cities. The US dollar is easily used for payments and the euro is changed without difficulty.
To visit Peru are recommended vaccinations.
– Typhoid and hepatitis A and B vaccinations
– Preventive antimalarial only for those visiting the Amazon region.
– The vaccine against yellow fever is not required of those who come from Italy, but it is recommended to visit the Amazon region.
Also you should drink only bottled water, do not add ice to drinks and do not eat vegetables and raw foods.