What to see in Perugia, tourist attractions and how to visit the capital of Umbria following an itinerary tailored to be completed in a day.
The provincial capital city of Umbria and the region, Perugia is on two hills, the hill of the Sun and the hill of Landoni, at an average altitude of about 450 meters above sea level. Colle del Sole coincides with the highest area of Perugia, where he was originally one of the oldest doors of the city, the Sun Gate, which no longer exists, and the hill of Landoni corresponds to the current Italian Piazza.
The two pieces are joined by Corso Vannucci, the most important pedestrian street of Perugia, who played the role in the plant Roman thistle. If the first archaeological evidence of the territory of Perugia dates back to the Iron Age (IX-VIII century BC), about the ethnic origin of the city there are conflicting data, as the Tiber River marked the boundary line between the people of Umbria and that while the Etruscan territory of Perugia located near the Tiber had the typical features of a border area, so some sources say that Perugia was founded by the Umbrian people, other people from the Etruscans.
However, the first nucleus of the city was formed around the second half of the sixth century BC and quickly became one of the first cities of the twelve Etruscan then equipping of imposing walls, which followed the contour lines on two hills without dell’insedimento interrupted, escuso entrance doors. The monumental remains Etruscan age are now represented by traces of the walls, the doors, the extra urban necropolis and Etruscan well.
Roman civilization in Perugia not immediately known, as in the ancient acropolis Roman civilization came gradually merging with the previous Etruscan civilization. An example is Porta Marzia, the door is of Etruscan origin but retains several Roman elements, we can also identify the urban Roman city, based on two axes, corresponding to the thistle Corso Vannucci and decumano coinciding with current ways of Priors and Alessi.
The two arteries intersected probably near the present cathedral where, it is believed he was the hole and a little further up the Acropolis. With the collapse of the Roman Empire came the Ostrogoths, then from the sixth century to the VIII century, Perugia was occupied by the Byzantines, excluding two brief periods when it suffered the domination of the Lombards. From the eighth century and for the next two centuries was part of the Papal States that ruled the city through the Bishops, bound Carolingian Empire.
At the beginning of the twelfth century was born free city, who accepted protection, but not the rule of the Popes. The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries were characterized by considerable demographic and economic growth that manifested itself through a major urban development, were built the Palazzo dei Priori or City, the Fontana Maggiore, the Cathedral of San Lorenzo, the university was established. But these years were also marked by the struggle for the conquest of power, among nobles (Beccherini) and commoners (Raspanti).
A chance of unity town was the revolt of the people against the abbot of Cluny said Monmaggiore, Papal legate, which was driven by Perugia for its despotic systems, and the fortress was destroyed in Porta Sole, that he had set up. Several lordships ruled the city, alternated periods of quiet periods of strong antagonism, the Michelotti, the Visconti, the Fortebracci, were the protagonists.
With Arm Fortebraccio is carried out important public works such as, for example, the residence of Arm in the square, of which remain only the lodges. Between 1438 and early 1500 took over the family Baglioni, which favored an important artistic and cultural flowering, calling in Perugia prestigious artists such as Piero della Francesca, Pinturicchio and Raphael.
From the mid-sixteenth century until the unification of Italy, except for a brief interval in which it became part of the so-called Department of Trasimeno, the city was again under the rule of the Church. Was built the Rocca Paolina, where he settled the papal garrison, and although the city lost its autonomy, from an artistic and architectural continued to be embellished with rich Baroque churches and beautiful buildings.
Visit Perugia in a day
– Area Porta Sant’Angelo, where you will find important monuments such as the Cathedral of San Lorenzo, the Fontana Maggiore, the church of Sant’Angelo and the Etruscan Arch.
– Area Porta Sole, to which belong the Church of San Severo, with the adjacent chapel which preserves the precious Trinity Raphael and Pietro Vannucci, known as Perugino, and the churches of Santa Maria and San Bevignate Monteluce.
– Area Porta Santa Susanna, with the Palazzo dei Priori, the Church of San Francesco al Prato and the Oratory of San Bernardino.
– Area Porta Eburnea, which includes the Collegio del Cambio, the Church and the Monastery of Santa Juliana of medieval origin.
– Area Porta San Pietro to whom belong the Captain’s Palace and the old University, the Churches of Sant’Ercolano, San Domenico and San Pietro, Italy and square, dominated by the Rocca Paolina.