Philippines: go to Philippines, things to know for holidays

philippines map
philippines map

Philippines travel guide, all useful things to know before traveling to this state in Southeast Asia.

Philippines in brief

  • Capital: Manila
  • Surface area in square kilometers: 300,000
  • Population: 94,013,200
  • Religion: 83% Catholic, 9% Protestant, 5% Muslim and other religions.

Where are the Philippines

The Republic of the Philippines is a state in Southeast Asia that occupies an archipelago of 7,107 islands, situated on one of the deepest ocean trenches in the world, including the South China Sea and the Sulu Sea to the west, the Strait of Luzon north, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the south. The archipelago consists of the largest islands of Luzon (north end), and Mindanao (southern end), and medium-sized islands as Cebu, Mindoro, Negros, Palawan, Panay, Samar, as well as thousands of small islands, some of which do not yet explored.

The islands are of volcanic origin and their territory consists mainly from the summit of the mountain ranges, partially submerged, which stretch from north to south following a adamento parallel to the coast. The smaller islands are rugged and mountainous ridges, while the larger ones, particularly Luzon and Mindanao, have a more diverse territory, with fertile valleys that are interposed to the mountain ranges. On the island of Mindanao is the highest peak of the archipelago, the active volcano Apo m. 2954 above sea level, followed by Mount Pulog (2,928 m) which is located on the island of Luzon. The islands are rugged coastline and irregular, often fringed by coral reefs.


The major rivers of the Philippines are Cagayan, the Pampanga and Agno, which run on the island of Luzon, and the rivers Agusan and Mindanao (also known as the Rio Grande de Mindanao), which are located on the island Mindanao .


The Philippines has a tropical climate hot and humid. The seasons are influenced by the monsoons. Rainfall is abundant especially from June to November, a time when there may be hurricanes. Temperatures rise in the period from March to May, and fall from December to February making the cooler season.


The majority of the population of the Philippines is descended from peoples of various origin, mostly mixed with Austronesian ethnic groups. On the territory there are a very large number of different ethnic groups, while the original population of the archipelago is a very small minority.

Time zone

UTC/GMT +8 hours
No changes – UTC +8 hours all of the period.


Filipino and English are the official languages ​​of Philippines.


The economic situation in the Philippines is heavily dependent on international capital and the lack of diversification of trade, as well as a development disparities between regions and major imbalances in the distribution of income. The sector that provides the main export products is agriculture, where it is used the majority of the working population, despite the ownership is concentrated in the hands of a few. The traditional economic activity is the cultivation of rice, while the main industrial crop is sugar cane, the production of which feeds several sugar mills, in fact, the industry mainly concerns the processing of local agricultural products. The manufacturing industry is lacking, and also the discrete mineral resources in the country are not supported by adequate processing industry. For the purposes of domestic consumption should be aware of the contribution that workers Filipino migrants abroad send to their families back home. Expanding the tourism sector.

When to go to the Philippines

The best time to visit the Philippines is from December to May.

Travel documents

Passport valid for a minimum period of 6 months from the date of entry into Philippines.
Visas depends on what country you come from.


Calling code: 0063


Supply electricity: 110/220 V – 60 Hz.
Electrical outlets type A (American 2-pole), Type B (American contact with the ground) and Type C (European 2-pin). Therefore it is necessary adapter.


Philippine Peso (PHP) is the official currency of Philippines.