Pisa: what to see, attractions and places to visit in a day
What to see in Pisa, major attractions and places to visit in this city in Tuscany, famous for the tower pendende in the Square of Miracles.
Known throughout the world for its history and its monuments, Pisa is one of the main cities to visit in Tuscany and the provincial capital. The city has always been an important cultural center, with world-renowned university founded in 1343, the Scuola Normale Superiore and the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, institutions appreciated worldwide.
Its hallmark is the famous leaning tower located in the Square of Miracles, where overlook the cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, Pisan Romanesque style, the Baptistry and the Camposanto. The site is included in the World Heritage by UNESCO for its beauty and uniqueness.
The start of work on the building of the Tower, designed as a bell tower of the Cathedral, dates back to 1173, but already in the construction phase began to lean on the side, because of the terrain of sandy silt on which went to build the foundations not very deep. However the work, after a soak period continued, and the tower was completed in 1350.
Its height is approximately 56 meters, the slope is about four meters from the vertical at the highest point. Following restoration work is currently open to the public with limited and controlled access.
Places to visit in Pisa
After Miracle Square, the second most important square of the city is the Piazza dei Cavalieri, whose current appearance is the result of a renovation of the buildings surrounding it, made mostly from 1562, designed by the Florentine architect Giorgio Vasari.
At the center of the square is a statue of Cosimo I, by Pietro Francavilla and a fountain always the same author. Overlooking the square of the Caravan Palace of the Knights, which was the old Palace of the Elders of Pisa Republican, transformed by Giorgio Vasari in its present form.
The building housed the headquarters of the Military Order of the Knights of St. Stephen. Currently the building is home to the Scuola Normale Superiore. To the left is the Palace of the watch which includes the famous Tower of the Muda or of Fame, where in 1289 were left to die of starvation Count Ugolino with children and grandchildren, as recalled in Dante’s Divine Comedy (Inferno, XXXIII).
The square is also the church of the Knights of St. Stephen, the church of San Rocco, the Palazzo del Collegio Puteano, the palace of the Council of the Twelve and ‘building of the rectory. Very beautiful buildings overlooking the Arno river, or on the paths along the river, for the most part in the Renaissance style.